Research Paper on Creation and Evolution of United States Foreign Policies

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1217 words
Carnegie Mellon University
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Research paper
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The paper describes the success that took place after the war. The people of the United States and the World are the one associated with this wealth and birth of the modern diplomatic policies. The period covered is between the 186C.E to 1900 C.E. the postwar prosperity took place in Central and South America Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe.

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Reason for the creation and evolution of United States Foreign policies

The US foreign policy in the postwar period was initially created to exclude the economic. Additionally, the system limited military influence by European powers and encouraged America commerce. During the Cold War, the US sought allies which subsidised economic and military foreign aid and diplomatic support. US justified unilateral military occupation, intervention and sovereign states transformation into economic and political protectorates to the good of the US interest (Bailey 141).

The Trade-Driven Programs

Building the Mexican State Railroad

Economic nationalism dominated the US due to fear of British and other Barbary states, thus leading to the creation of American System which became popular. The Mexicans who stayed back in the US after US-Mexico war provided labour in the building of the railroads as they mixed with other people from all over the US. The Mexican ruler Porfirio Diaz built a railway connecting the US to Mexico which had the majority of the US investigate (Keller 75).

Selling the newest Technologies at bargain prices in central and South America

New technology intensified the trade between different nations and America imported technology-intensive goods like coffee and petroleum. Free trade zones were established, a common external tariff which improved ease of access to technology and capital and entrepreneurship in general with the Central and Southern blocks. The technology intensified the economic activities between the South and Central America since the nations would trade with the technology-intensive products and get what they did not produce (Axtell 626).

Accessing Oriental Market

In the late 19th century, Russia and other oriental market states like China were facing a crisis as industry and technology developed rapidly in in the West. Oriental states could not degenerate enough capital like other nations to support the rapid industrial developments which were taking place or needs compete with developed Western countries like America. With the slow growth, the population of Russian people grew larger than that of European countries, and agriculture was technologically underdeveloped as the large track of land remained under former state peasants and serfs. Thus, the US had a golden opportunity of the finding market in Russia and other oriental markets due to its technology and increased products (Bailey 1823).

Sales, souls and soil

Selling To the Chinese Market

The US traded need to develop economic base after gaining independence from the Britain since she had earlier on been excluded and blocked from the British market. Selling to China, an oriental market, was one strategy that the US used to generate wealth and provide employment opportunities for its citizens. Early Chinese trade activities helped the US explore places in the economy and world order in late 18th and early 19th century. Trading with China increased revenues and wealth in America since China was a ready market (Rankin 15).

The American Protestant Missionary Effects in Chine

American foreigners to China were not allowed to learn Chinese nor trade with the people in that country. The same penalty applied to ministers caught preaching Christianity. However, the missionaries still went ahead to learn the language, preach and translate the Bible to Chinese. The US missionaries provided medical services to the chines people, and the defeat of China in the Opium War allowed for more US people to enter and trade immensely in China thus creating more wealth (Chin 330). Despite the relationship between the US and China being rocky, the two nations still managed to trade together.

The Need For Refueling And Freshwater Bases In The Pacific

The Pacific Ocean could not deter America from expanding since she needed a strong merchant marine, foreign health commerce, powerful navy and raw materials from overseas colonies. The remote outposts locate at the Pacific Ocean served as trans-oceanic Buckles, providing frequent fueling stations where the American Navy would replenish their coal bunkers and get fresh water supply. These areas include Hawaii, Guam and Samoan (Dent 11).

Being Blocked Out Of Markets and Assets

America was trying to compete with nations that had been acquiring territories way before she got independence. The big established nations made their colonies to be their markets, hence blocking the US from selling and trading in these areas. America was so aggressive in producing a lot of goods, but due to blockage, the products could not reach the target market. Additionally, China had initially blocked the US from its market hence new policies had to be established to improve relationships between China and the US (Mastanduno 123).

The British Blockage of Argentine

The blockade of Argentina came about due to the Cisplatine War. The war between Brazil and Argentina which was over the area which was known as Banda Oriental. Argentina was blocked from engaging in trade activities with other countries in Britain since they were considered to be the one at fault (Mastanduno 123).

The Colonial Blockage of African and Asian Markets

The blockade of the Africans started when the Atlantic slave trade was outlawed, hence making the transportation of slaves using the British ships an illegal business. British tried to persuade the US to ban slave transportation but the US declined the treaty, taking the slave ships to southern US. Asia markets or slave trade was also burned by the British but the US did not abide to the bas since she needed cheap labor.


The Protestant Mission paved way from the US to get to China. However, the missionaries were executed since Christianity collided with the Chine traditions, leading to execution and fleeing of the missionaries. However, the US traders had put a lot of effort in economic relations with the Chine people, hence enabling for the driving of the US diplomatic policies in China. The trade movements policies that the US established which entailed mutual economic benefits between the two states improved the rocky relationship (Scalia 3). What followed next was an intensification of trade activities between the two nations especially the fact that the US had obtained market base after being blocked by the Britain and Germany.

Work Cited

Axtell, James. "Europeans, Indians, and the age of discovery in American history textbooks." The American historical review 92.3 (1987): 621-632.

Bailey, Thomas Andrew, David M. Kennedy, and Lizabeth Cohen. The American Pageant. Lexington, MA: Houghton Mifflin, (1998): 156-335

Chin, Carol C. "Beneficent imperialists: American women missionaries in China at the turn of the twentieth century." Diplomatic History 27.3 (2003): 327-352.

Dent, Christopher. "Networking the region? The emergence and impact of Asia-Pacific bilateral free trade agreement projects." The Pacific Review 16.1 (2003): 1-28.

Loveman, Brian. "US Foreign Policy toward Latin America in the 19th Century." Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. 2016.

Mastanduno, Michael. "Trade as a strategic weapon: American and alliance export control policy in the early postwar period." International Organization 42.01 (1988): 121-150.

Rankin, Mary Backus. "The origins of a Chinese public sphere: Local elites and community affairs in the late imperial period." Etudes chinoises 9.2 (1990): 13-60.

Scalia, J. "AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY 1890-1908". A Scalia Treatise on the Rise of American Imperialism (2004): 2-3. Print.

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