An argument is the attempt to convince someone of the reasonableness of a certain proposition. Usually, an argument has a claim or idea and then provides evidence to support that idea. There are two types of arguments including formal and informal arguments. An informal argument is more or less the everyday sense of arguments, which involves disagreements or verbal fights. On the other hand, formal arguments are more structured like academic arguments, which put more focus on written text, especially in academic settings.
What Are Everyday Arguments?
Typically, everyday arguments are verbal disputes characterized by opponents trying to prove each other wrong. It is commonplace to find people disagreeing with one another over issues regardless of how serious they are. People disagree over political affiliations, or one may find spouses arguing over who picks the kids from school. Everyday arguments are mostly emotional outbursts, rants, or differing opinions. There are minimal communication and listening skills employed and the opponents put in little effort to comprehend the conflicting ideologies. This scenario is much more competitive with each opponent trying to prove that their opinion is superior. Everyday arguments differ from the well-structured and perfectly-researched formal, academic arguments.
What Are Academic Arguments?
In academic arguments, it is all about making a debatable position seem acceptable or reasonable, thereby making other people see the wisdom of a perspective. It has very clear guiding premises and conclusions, and there is quality evidence to support a claim. Thus, it has nothing to do with attacking or criticizing others. While respecting everybody else's opinion, an academic argument explores vast evidence but still welcoming to the idea of questioning one's current perspective. Academic arguments deal with complex issues and usually cover a wider audience. The audience focuses on logic rather than emotion. One might argue that they are the same thing, after all, there is an idea or a claim where one provides supportive evidence whether verbally or in written format. All that is true, but an everyday argument is more of a verbal fight where one opponent really wants to defeat the other while the academic argument is structured, detailed, well-researched, and does not necessarily base on an individual's opinion. There are enough supporting data, reasons, statistics, and evidence meant to persuade informal arguments.
While the two types of argument emanate from the same basis, they have lots of differences in their structures, presentation, and motivation. Everyday arguments are about shoving your opinion into other people's throats and verbally attacking them until you win. However, academic arguments are more persuasive, backed by quality, robust, and poignant evidence with the ultimate goal of convincing the audience to adopt a new perspective.
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