The Hitory of Cities

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Birmingham City

Before the industrial revolution, Birmingham used to be a minor and less populated town. However, the town was a home to very skilled metal workers who played a key role in the start of the industrial revolution that transformed Birmingham into a large industrialized city. Birmingham economy grew due to the production of the cheaper product of coal and iron produced by the help of the skillful metalworkers. The availability of raw material allowed for mass production at a cheaper price. As a result, Birmingham became the largest producer of metal goods, coins, and metal tools that were used to advance the production of goods in the industries (Saunier, 2008).

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Birmingham has for many years been regarded as a single-industry town of iron and steel. Today, Birminghams economy is made up of a diversified industry that relies predominantly on medical industry equally as to the trade and finance, manufacturing and distribution as well as government service sectors (Jones, 2013).

Los Angeles

By early 1920s, Los Angeles had already been recognized as a major oil producing region and was leading in the film production industry. It also had growing aviation industries.

In 1990, Los Angeles was already developed into a city of a diversified economy, characterized with industries that relied on high and low technologies, an active business community and a growing global financial sector (Schiesl & Dodge, 2006). During this period, a large number of foreign companies started to invest in the entertainment industry and commercial property in Los Angeles.

Los Angeles continues to top the list of the largest manufacturing center in the U.S. It has the largest fashion industry with more than 100,000 fashion jobs (Barber & Cooper, 2007). The city leads in health sciences and biotechnology creating more than 200,000 jobs as well as in the aviation industry which accounts for more than 350,000 employments in the city (Barber & Cooper, 2007).

Las Vegas

In the mid to late 19th century, Las Vegas economy depended mainly on agricultural products. According to Simich and Wright (2010), later in the 1980s, mining of silver, gold, lead and molybdenum was the backbone of the citys industrial sector.

The two-thirds of Las Vegas jobs are services related which accounts for the growth of the city modern economy. The main concentrations are in vast hotels, casinos among other tourist attraction businesses. Additionally, merchandised trade and financial services are the significant factor that contributes to the city economy (Index & Cities, 2012).


The history of Baltimore stretches back to colonial eras when its port was first used to ship agricultural products from the mid-Atlantic to regions around the globe. The growing grain trade created a market for the Baltimore agricultural products. It was in a strategic place that gave access to the local grain farmers. In addition, the Gwynns Falls and Jones Falls flowing downhill into the harbor was a great source of water power used to grind wheat and corn (Evolving & Role, 2003).

Today, Baltimore City offers a healthy professional business climate. It is made up of a diverse economy that depends on various industries such as education and health services, technology, tourism and hospitality, retail and wholesale trade, among other sectors.


According to Ristine (2008), Atlanta owes its growth from the expansion of railroad lines into the states interior. The discovery of gold spurred settlement. Though the railroad was the main factor that encouraged the growth of Atlanta connecting it with others states and regions. Atlanta was a home front and the main regional producer and distributional hub of military equipment throughout the civil war. The railroad connection had a crucial role in the growth of Atlanta city and the local economy by connecting it to a wider market.

To date, the Atlanta prosperity is grounded predominantly in the service sector and to a large extent on its superior rail and air transportation. The city has major corporations of utilities and banking, technology, food, and beverage, among other industries that have continued to drive the rapid economic and population growth (Ristine, 2008).


Barber, N., & Cooper, A. (2007). Los Angeles. New York, NY: Chelsea House Publishers.

ADDIN Mendeley Bibliography CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Evolving, T., & Role, E. (2003). Story of a Port T own.

Index, G. C., & Cities, W. (2012). Los angeles, 15.

Jones, P. (2013). Industrial enlightenment: Science, technology and culture in Birmingham and the West Midlands, 1760-1820. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Ristine, J. D. (2008). Atlantic City. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub.

Saunier, P.-Y., Ewen, S., & Palgrave Connect (Online service). (2008). Another global city: Historical explorations into the transnational municipal moment, 1850-2000. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Schiesl, M. J., & Dodge, M. M. (2006). City of promise: Race & historical change in Los Angeles. Claremont, Calif: Regina Books.

Simich, J. L., & Wright, T. C. (2010). More peoples of Las Vegas: One city, many faces. University of Nevada Press: Reno.

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