Preceding Sean's treatment, I must conduct a comprehensive assessment per the victim as other victims have variations in the number and types of sexual assaults Such as repeated or personal attacks. With no doubt sexual case do differ from one another. For instance, in Sean's case, it's a repetitive sexual assault both in childhood and adulthood years. Furthermore, I will need to carry out an exhaustive trauma history on Sean such as whether he had experience in life-threatening situations. Or any encounter of injury during rape and factors that may have an effect on post-rape adjustment.
I will need to generate direct as well as specific trauma screening questions meant to accelerate Sean's recovery process. By so doing I will be able to assess for disorders associated with PTSD such as substance abuse and insomnia. It's relevant for me to frame the questions in legal terms rather than in the form of questionnaires that are behavior specific. Subsequently, I will need to assess factors that may influence change such as coping abilities, social care and the availability of resources. To address the problems affecting Sean, it's essential I use the cognitive processing therapy (Foa, 1998). As this type of session is meant for rape victims dealing with depression and other withdrawal symptoms. It will enable Sean to confront rational beliefs regarding the rape.
Besides, this therapy involves putting down on paper narratives of the rape and reading them out loud. Sean will be expected to gather knowledge on emotions, feelings and to implement this education to challenge the beliefs of rape. All in all cognitive processing therapy will help Sean develop a new perception of the world as a safe place. Multiple channel exposure therapy is another approach I will use to help Sean to treat PTSD and trauma related to rape (Foa, 1998). Panic attacks are associated with various cognitive and somatic symptoms. As such this type of therapy will focus on panic reduction. Sean will be able to learn about techniques and tactics to counter distorted and negative thoughts.
From Sean's case, I would consider raising awareness in the society about the existence of male abuse and dealing with the societal perception on a taboo about men being victims. Also, I would consider the revision of the existing justice system from a woman-centered victimization to a much sound system that accommodates men. The justice system should also introduce new ways of handling these survivors regarding body language. Such that the interviewers need to be more sensitive while dealing with men as they felt ashamed and humiliated from the sexual assault (Hill, 2009). Due to the difficulties of reporting rape cases as seen in Sean's situation, I would consider founding institutions. These agencies would provide safe places in the society where male rape victims can be helped cope with the trauma of sexual abuse.
In conclusion, it is essential to include men in the perspective of violence and victimization. Many males have been left out in the discourse of violence, to a woman-centered only form of victimization. With male victims reporting incidences of pain and frustration as their experiences are not highlighted in the spotlight. For instance, academic papers written about sexual violence only put into consideration the female voice. Victimization is also applicable in the case of sorting for therapists and personal givers. Whereby most of them are treated with a female model of victimization hence, the males end up not getting treatment. Statistics shows that the people responsible ignore male victimization framing it as a male problem. However this belief is very wrong and untrue, and men need to unite in a collective spirit to overcome the common elements of male socialization.
BIBLIOGRAPHY \l 1033 Foa, E. B. (1998). Treating the trauma of rape: Cognitive behavioral therapy for PTSD. New York: Guilford Press.
Hill, D. J. (2009). Victimization, Resilience and Meaning-Making: Moving Forward in Strength.
Romney, M. A. (2003). Risk and resiliency factors in posttraumatic stress disorder. Annals General Hospital Psychiatry.
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