From the beginning the 17th century when England first established its permanent colonies in North America, substantial differences occurred other colonies whose economy was mainly dedicated to the production of crops as well as more varied frugality of the northern colonial rules. Initially, colonists in Virginia and the Chesapeake of Maryland depended on the white indentured help as their chief labor force as well as some of the Africans who came in the area was able to get a property. Though, between 1635 and 1670, a significant difference arose between short-term vassalage for whites and the permanent slavery for blacks. In fact In Virginia, Bacon's Revolt hastened the change toward slavery. Towards the end of the century, slavery had turned out as the primary labor force in most parts of the colonies.
In New England, the budget was arranged just within small family farms and city communities involved in handicrafts, Atlantic commerce, fishing, with many of the populaces staying in small squeezed towns. In Virginia and Maryland, the economy was organized around bigger and much more secluded plantations and farms raising tobacco. In other regions like Carolinas, economic life was planned around larger though less remote farms were growing rice, coffee, indigo, cotton, and sugar. Religious oppression was especially strong force inspiring English colonization. In fact around three-hundred thousand English Puritans settled in New England, while Maryland turned to be a refuge zone for the Roman Catholics and the Southern New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island was havens for the Quakers. Immigrants from religious maltreatment included Congregationalists, Presbyterians, and Baptists to say nothing of religious sections from Europe, including the Huguenots as well as members of the German and Dutch Reformed churches (Schuyler, 2013).
Well, by 1700, North American Britain's colonies varied itself in the populace growth rate, the fraction of the white men who possessed the property and were capable of electing, as well as in the populace's religious and ethnic diversity. The early and mid-17th century came up with far-reaching vagaries to the colonies, comprising an enormous immigration, specifically of the Scots-Irish; the enforced ingress of hundreds of thousands of confined Africans; and growing economic stratification in both the southern and northern colonies. A sequence of religious revivals called the Great Awakening assisted in creating an American identity that that was common across the colony lines.
The 17th Century
By mid-1600 the British had firm colonies recognized along the coast of New England and the Bay of Chesapeake. In between them was the tiny Swedish community as well as the Dutch. The west part was occupied by aboriginal Americans as well as the Indians. Occasionally friendly, at times hostile, the Eastern ethnic groups were no more aliens to the English colonies. Though the Native Americans aided from contact to new trade and technology, the illness and desire for land that the earliest settlers also came up with posed a stern challenge for the Indian's long-established culture. Actually, at first, trade with the English settlers came with many advantages such as knives, weapons, cooking utensils, axes, fish hooks and numerous other goods. The Indians who traded firstly had the noteworthy advantage over competitors who did not (John 65).
In reaction to English demand, the tribes like the Iroquois started to dedicate much focus to fur ensnaring during the 17th century. Pelts and furs offered the tribes the way to bought new stuff until in the late 18th century. Initial colonial-Indian relations were perturbed combinations of conflict and cooperation. Alternatively, there were the normal relations that triumphed in the early 17th century of Pennsylvania's presences. Others were a long et of setbacks, wars, and skirmishes, which nearly invariably led to Indian defeat and more loss of the treasured land. The first of the significant Indian rebellions happened in Virginia in the year 1623, when around 347 whites were murdered, comprising several missionaries who had just newly arrived to Jamestown. It was the followed by the Pequot War in 1637, as native tribes attempted to avert settlement of the Connecticut River area. In the year1675, Phillip the son of the chief who made the new peace with the Travelers in 1622 tried to bond the tribes that were present in the southern New England with more European infringement of their native lands. In the struggle, though, Phillip was killed, and that means several Indians remain as servitude (Cutlip 30).
After French and the Indian War
The connection between the English and other Colonies started to display signs of stress in the early 1700s. Till then, England's preoccupation with civic skirmish and current war with France permitted the Colonies to carry on foreign and domestic trade with tiny intrusion from British powers. Furthermore, since their founding, the Colonies had been managing many of their affairs. The Colonists, as a result, established a sense of freedom. When England started imposing limitations on the Colonial trade and carrying other activities that recommended Colonists never had similar rights as British peoples in England, the Colonials began to take stock of their individuality and question Great Britain's authority over them. When the French and Indian War lastly finished in 1764, no English subject on both side of Atlantic could have predicted the coming fights between North American colonies and the parent country. More so, the roots of these battles were started, and therefore, this war. One should keep in mind that the French and Indian War, which was known in the Europe as the Seven Years' War,' was a worldwide conflict.
Though the French and Indian War precisely had the Settlements and England fighting on a similar side, the battle gave rise to strains between England and other Colonists. The Colonials agreed to raise their armies to help them secure themselves against the wrath of the French and the numerous Native American people allied with them though the British government put it vivid that it favored having British soldiers leading any armed conflict. England's refusal to allow Colonial militia to fight in defense of their land insulted the Colonists and made them feel as though they were not wholly Englishmen and equal citizens of the British Empire (David 54).
The French and Indian War ended in 1763, much to the relief of Colonists anxious to settle western territory formerly held by France. Several Colonists had started to settle in western Ohio especially after the French uninhibited Fort Duquesne in the year 1758. The Colonists' strategies for extension were disillusioned with the England Proclamation of 1763, which barred settlement past the Appalachian Mountains and needed settlers to surrender any already set up colonies. The British established military posts along the declaration line to impose the border, defend Native American land and encourage British fur-trade welfares. The Colonists sensed the England was meddling with their right to expand quickly, compelling them to cater for military defense they had not demanded (Anderson 109).
Similarities and differences
One can feel that all of the English colonies relationships with other colonies in North America were totally similar in the time periods discussed. This is should not the case. The colonies in the period had some similarities, but mainly they had differences. For instance, the Southern, Middle colonies, and New England clearly demonstrates these differences and similarities, particularly in terms of labor, land, religion, and native relationships. The link between the two colonies in the 17th century and after French and the Indian war had similarities. For example, there were bad relations between the colonists and the Native Americans. Both the two-time frames provide a decent way to show the similarities. When the English colonial arrived in America, the native citizens did not fully accept this and the bad relations existed between them. The South required the native land that was meant for tobacco plantations, and this caused several of created conflicts. The conflict heightened to the level where the southerners issued out the natives with blankets infested with the smallpox virus. The virus killed off many Native Americans since they were not very well suitable to fight the disease.
There is significance difference in the labor force that was used during these two periods. In the 17th century, the central work that was utilized by the colonialists was the white indentured help as their chief labor force. They were involved in a series of actions that were assigned to them by the colonial powers. Another significant difference is that the two time periods are the constant war. The 17th century is when the colonial powers were establishing themselves and still there was no war. In fact, they still had the chance to occupy vast areas that they could benefit so much. After the French and the Indian war, there were constant revolts and battles among England and other colonial powers.
Many factors contributed the similarities and differences that occurred during these two periods. For instance, economic superiority that the colonists wanted led to many wars among them. The English colonialists wanted dominance over other settlers and started to impose many restrictions that other did not like. Trade had become an important activity among the colonial settlers. The need to have the huge frugality was, therefore, an aim of the powers and as a resulting battle over trade contributed to the bad relations as well as the constant revolts among the colonialists.
In conclusion, colonists relationship with England was a huge factor that influenced most of the activities in the 17th century as well as after the French and Indian war. From the beginning the 17th century when England first established its permanent colonies in North America, substantial differences occurred with other colonies whose economy was mainly dedicated to the production of crops as well as more varied frugality of the northern colonial rules. After French and the Indian war, the connection between the English and other Colonies started to display signs of stress. Till then, England's preoccupation with civic skirmish and current war with France permitted the Colonies to carry on foreign and domestic trade with...
Cutlip, Scott. Public relations history: From the 17th to the 20th century: The antecedents.London: Routledge, 2013.(https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=LTX8AQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=Pubic+relations+history:+From+the+17th+to+the+20th+century:+The+antecedents.&hl=ensa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Public%20relations%20history%3A%20From%20t%2017th%20to%20the%2020th%20century%3A%20The%20antecedents.&f=false)
John, Grigg, Peter, Mancall. British Colonial America: People and Perspectives. Santa Barbara:ABC-CLIO, 2008.(https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=6REfahE4TkwC&pg=PA137&dq=Colonists%E280%99+relationship+with+England+in+the+17th+century&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#=onepage&q=Colonists%E2%80%99%20relationship%20with%20England%20in%20te%2017th%20century&f=false)
BIBLIOGRAPHY Schuyler, R. (2013). History of the City of New York in the Seventeenth Century, Volume 2. NewYork: Cosimo, Inc.
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