Brain and Its Mechanisms

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The performance by magician depends on the types of attention and how the scenarios being witnessed are interpreted by the brain. The activities they carry calls for more attention, which creates more room to fool the audience. The Decision-making Attention involves the process of making a judgment when one focuses on a particular stimulus or event, which is also called the Top-Down Attention. The process in controlled by the prefrontal cortex region of the brain. On the other hand, the Surprise Attention also referred to as the Bottom-Up Attention is characterized by an inevitable shift of an individuals focus to an unexpected stimulus. Such responses are controlled by the sensory cortices section of the brain. The magicians combine the several actions that will make them access the two forms of attention of their audience, knowing that they can only process one aspect at a time (Pourtois, Schettino, and Vuilleumier 494). The individuals are then left without the judgment capacity to examine the viability and credibility of the actions being performed.

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Work Cited

Pourtois, Gilles, Antonio Schettino, and Patrik Vuilleumier. Brain Mechanisms for Emotional

Influences on Perception and Attention: What Is Magic and What Is Not. Biological Psychology 92.3 (2013): 492512. Web.

Final Assessment: Task 2

The scientific investigations regarding the capacity of the human brain to adapt to multiple stimuli at the same time have been noted to affect the effectiveness of executing instruction. Some scholars have shown how such a tendency may damage the brain (Buchen n.p). To investigate the effect of multitasking on an individual then several factors should be considered. Randomly select a sample from the chosen population such that they can be classified as children, young adults, and aged adults for the two genders. The range of the age factor is will assist in examining the effect of multitasking at different age groups. The inclusion of the occupation and social, economic factors will help in determining whether the capacity to multitask can be cultured. The individuals should be subjected to multiple events at different intervals, then the adherence to instruction and the extent to which they recall the accounts should be noted. Effective results will be achieved through sequence evaluation. The first task should involve the arrangement of cards according to specific color orders and the process interrupted by a short video where individuals should state the age of character they see by giving their reason. The participants should then be asked to continue with color arrangement.

Work Cited

Buchen, Lizzie. How Brain Training Makes Multitasking Easier. Nature (2009): n. pag. Web.

Final Assessment: Task 3

There are occasions when the cross-talk exists across the respective sensory transmissions within the brain. The shortcomings occur when a particular activity in one of the neural pathways stimulates unexpected perpetual activity or communication on the adjacent modalities. Such a scenario is referred to as Synaesthesia. The condition exists in two major forms namely the Projector and the Associators. The experimental investigations have linked Synaesthesia to a spontaneous activation of the within the superior parietal cortex thus affecting the process of integrating the diversity of sensory responses (Spiller and Jansari 144). The cross-talk within the neural system causes sensory disturbances that are responsible for the reaction to a response that is not existing but can be pictured in the mental eye. Synaesthesia affects the balance between excitation and inhibition, which alters the process of feedback generation in terms of time and quality of response. Some cases have been associated with the loss of meaning or poor understanding to the concepts characterizing a scenario. Moreover, the effect of Synaesthesia can also influence the level of consciousness and the degree of the neural correlation. The condition can be diagnosed through the test-retest procedure involving multiple colors over an extended period.

Work Cited

Spiller, Mary Jane, and Ashok S. Jansari. Mental Imagery and Synaesthesia: Is Synaesthesia

from Internally-Generated Stimuli Possible? Cognition 109.1 (2008): 143151. Web.

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