Pre-modern war strategically focused on getting rid of an opposing army or enemy in an open battle, they focused on fighting against different states armies with no recognition to small units; it began in the eighteenth century. Ranking the war chronologically, according to their socio-historical period of historical development, the pre-modern states and types of wars first started with the limited wars which took place before the eighteenth century; this involved the primitive war which included later to crusades wars before eighteenth century dynastic and religious war played a significant role in the limited wars .Focusing the ranking between eighteenth to the nineteenth century, revolutionary wars was the major odd of the period, majorly during this period some of the revolutionary war such as Napoleonic war, the French Revolution, and American civil war took place. The third type of war in the modern state type of war includes the total war which took place in the twentieth century (Noble, Strauss, Osheim, Neuschel, &Accampo, 2007).
Ideally, prehistoric war occurred between different communities and societies without the recognition of history, all we could rely on to get the exact things, individuals and nature of war that took place is through the use of anthropologist and archaeological results. With different skeletons collected in the past, its evident that prehistoric massacre took place between different societies since skeleton with arrow heads were embedded in them, showing casualties of warfare. Bronze Age, endemic which showed extended rituals and taboo, Iron Age through the fragmented written report clearly describe how prehistoric war was so physical with the use of ancient tools. Through anthropologists, the prehistoric war focused on small groups, different families, and enemy clans and tribes.
Chronologically, wars that took place, up to the eighteenth century were recognized as ancient wars, they involved old ideas and old ways of engaging into war, examples includes non-state wars which were caused by various uprisings, insurgencies, low-intensity conflicts and various rebellions. All the old battles were so unclear, and they didnt have a definite ending or even a justifiable beginnings during their period. Taking consideration of the European historical periodization, ancient history that includes the period of 3000 BCE to 476 CE is technically known as the classical age.
Since war is a social activity, to some extent different types of changes are realized as it transforms socially from one form to another with various changes in the social, economic and technological development. Ancient wars were associated with primitive wars, uprisings, rebellions, non-state wars, insurgencies and low-intensity conflicts; in fact, it doesnt show any clear beginning or even an ending. About the new wars, wars typically progress with new wars fought between states, and it began in the eighteenth century(Between 1200 and 1500, the many political units of Western Europe went through endless explanations, alliances, and combinations in a world of continual change and warfare - Google Search, n.d.). The corresponding type of war in an ancient war has been severely tight and larger number of these groups being primitive and focused on headhunting. The settlements types were comparatively permanent, lasting for not more than four years, and were associated with, a generation or even more. Hierarchy was after sometimes mentioned, with some particular cohorts even showing up an organized -group ranking. Leaders usually enjoyed being an essential degree of power. Warfare also affected society and culture (Noble, Strauss, Osheim, Neuschel, &Accampo, 2007). The demand when it comes to protection against attack from day through the night and to even defend accessibility to food resources had the great impact on settlement patterns, the formation of social groups and the general complexity, and ritual and ceremonial culture. This evidence indicates the assumptions about warfare as having emerged only recently in the history of human and hunter-gatherers as leading a real life are misplaced. Currently, the significant transformation has been made about the economic basis of modern war, and even a modern state monopolizes legitimate violence where wars are transforming to be the socially acceptable force. Wars were justified by state interest, where a state can gain territory through war an example is in the 900-1700 formation of the market economy. The growth of trade plus money into the economy leads to revenue available to the government; though on the other hand, military costs increase as a result of new weapons and a larger size of armies leading into a feudal system, war used to expand territory.
Critically, the probable motivation of the war was actually fueled by the quest to gain more and even larger territory, through this a state could actually measure her strength, that kingdom that had a larger territory were viewed as so powerful since they could conquer more and more and even possessed total control on the conquered regions. Additionally from a personal perspective, war is also motivated by a personal interest of making sure that one kingdom or particular country increase their food and supplies status, productive regions had high value and different wars could be fueled to displace a weak kingdom or even target population located in a specific area, just for a powerful opponents to increase their food and supply. Some also raided other regions in such for labor and sex; this could fuel a strong war that could be fought for a much extended period (Danver, 2010).Economically, the war was fueled by the higher number of increased population in a given area or even a state. For example, some of the wars were generated by increased population which led to the more people feeding into a particular territory, hence creating a limitation on the territory, causing population pressure on the valuable resources, the population pressure increased the amount of decline in the region since the competition was brought for their share of food. For the purpose of state development, the war was characterized by state development, it in most cases helped in forming state and even in providing them with status.
BC, T. 431, &Jr, W. S. (2009). The History of the Peloponnesian War. BiblioBazaar.
Between 1200 and 1500, the many political units of Western Europe went through endless explanations, alliances, and combinations in a world of continual change and warfare - Google Search. (n.d.). Retrieved October 30, 2016, from https://www.google.com/search?q=Between+1200+and+1500%2C+the+many+political+units+of+Western+Europe+went+through+endless+explanations%2C+alliances%2C+and+combinations+in+a+world+of+continual+change+and+warfare&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-b-ab#q=Between+1200+and+1500,+the+many+political+units+of+Western+Europe+went+through+endless+explanations,+alliances,+and+combinations+in+a+world+of+continual+change+and+warfare&tbm=bksDanver, S. L. (2010). Popular Controversies in World History: Investigating Historys Intriguing Questions [4 volumes]: Investigating Historys Intriguing Questions. ABC-CLIO.
Noble, T. F. X., Strauss, B., Osheim, D., Neuschel, K., &Accampo, E. (2007). Western Civilization: Beyond Boundaries, Volume II: Since 1560. Cengage Learning.
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