In this chapter, the writer does not give any directions on how to avoid evils that might arise in the future in the administration. He does not give specific guidelines on how administrative evil should or can be dismissed. The writer also states that the biggest challenge is that evil does not have any authoritative answers. Although the challenge is there, it would be a bad suggestion to state that professional bodies and public administration are caught in a scenario where they cannot exit. In this chapter, the modern world is calling for certain beliefs and conceptions of morality (Adams, 161). However, the modern world is also destroying the grounds for making these conceptions serious and applicable to all. For modernity to be there, morality has to be in place to make it serious. In this chapter, the consequence of unmasking or revealing administrative evil is a lack of modernity and technical conception of the public administration. For public administration to run smoothly, there are core issues that need to be considered; legal, legitimate as well as efficient institutions that can be used for both destructive and constructive purposes.
The writer suggests that the establishment of public administrations institution of academic legitimacy is not a fundamental problem, but it is rather to help individuals grow, develop and nurture reflexive attitude towards public institutions. Sometimes a change of attitude is hard, but it is done as an exercise of authority and organizations culture at large. Although much might be done, all methods used and change of attitude; it does not guarantee that administrative evil might come to an end. Administrative evil is a form of moral decay that has become difficult and almost impossible to cease or minimize. In the current that we are living in, administrative evil has taken many forms from nepotism, discrimination against race, employment opportunities are only granted to those you are familiar with, and worst of all is corruption. It has become part of peoples culture, and it is becoming almost impossible to change it rapidly. This will take time, and it can be guaranteed it will not be a short time.
The writer says that for us to prevent acts of administrative evil in the future, several people such as public administration practitioners and theorists as well as related professionals and fields have high demanding roles to play. They are supposed to identify and conduct themselves in a way that they can say no to any cunning situation that would damage their moral image and reputation. They should resist any seductive temptations, and this is the only way to heal our public administrations as well as administrative evils. The leaders of today are compromising the ethics put in place for governance which is administrative evil. Is money swaying them astray? Which is the best method to cease or prevent administrative evil by the leaders? I do not believe there is any much change we can do to the leaders to change their attitude. I believe that change starts from within. If they are willing to change, then they do have to go through training or talks about the moral decay in the society, how it is affecting our people and them in person and to the country.
Public administration, therefore, comprises the use of sophisticated organizational and managerial techniques in the public policy implementation. In my opinion, if the managers are not willing to change despite the complex organizational and managerial techniques, then positive implementation can take place. This will lead to wastage of the Public administration funds which is an administrative evil. Public administration must be informed by a historical consciousness that knows the effect of evil on the state and agents. In my opinion, most of the countries have or are already facing the effects and consequences of evil. People might see it like just an ordinary thing, but the high economy of a country is one of the effects of administrative evil. Poor leadership has cost most countries in more ways than they could understand. Integrity is the only way for the leaders to change and start making countries a better place for the citizens. This is by doing the right thing all the time whether there is someone to supervise your work or not.
Personal and professional ethics give good reputation as well as commendable society roles. Every great leader should have social and political consciousness which is public ethics which can recognize the mask of administrative evil and say no to acting as its accomplice. Unfortunately, most of the leaders in public administration have already been lost in administrative evil. They corrupt states every day and infect others on the same habit. These are the quake leaders who should be weeded out of any leadership position. Public ethics requires that one do the right thing. Ethics in leaders should include honesty, respect, and lack of discrimination, fairness, equality and harmony among others. Another important aspect of being ethical is being transparent. If you keep things away from people, they tend to think that there is no communication. When the leaders open up to those, they serve and lay out what they are doing, how and why, people are satisfied hence wont go speculating about evil things done behind their back.
In the first place, where does evil come from? Who transmits the virus and how? Why would someone want to infect others of who are not infected with the evil virus yet? When one is able these questions, they can understand where administrative has come from and how it can be stopped. The core root or source of this administrative should also be the key to it. I am very sure that administrative evil has also been caused by illiteracy among leaders. There have been scenarios where a politician fakes their degree certificates to get that position they are coveting for. When such a leader gets into power, he infects the whole system, and that marks the beginning of an administrative evil. In conclusion, this chapter has talked on administrative evil in public administration. Although the author has not given any specific direction on the evil, one can conclude and say that getting rid of administrative evil starts from within and later spreads to others (Denis, 76).
Adams, Guy B. Unmasking Administrative Evil. Thousand Oaks u.a: Sage, 1998. Print.
Saint-Martin, Denis. Public Ethics and Governance: Standards and Practices in Comparative Perspective. Amsterdam [u.a.: Elsevier JAI, 2006. Print.
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