What is Hypertension?

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Harvey Mudd College
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It is a condition that occurs when the blood pressure of a person rises to un-recommended levels due to unhealthy lifestyles, inheritance of the condition or physical changes in the body. (Holland, 2017)

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Role of Potassium

Potassium is vasoactive hence it enables the arteries to dilate and contracts for the effective flow of blood (Mancia, Grassi & Redon, 2014). A human being is recommended to consume at least 2 to 2.5 grams of potassium per day.

It regulates the flow of blood and blood pressure

It regulates acid-base and water balance in tissues and blood.

It metabolizes carbohydrates

Role of magnesium

Magnesium enhances the mineral density of someones bones hence keeping it strong (Thompson, 2015). It also aids in the improvement of serum lipid profiles thus reducing blood pressure. Through carbohydrate metabolism, magnesium also influences the response of insulin in someones body hence regulating the glucose levels. A person is recommended to take at least 240 mg of magnesium daily

It keeps the bones healthy

It controls the blood sugar levels

It regulates blood pressure

Diet/Life Style Modification

Eating lean proteins such as fish and poultry

Eating vegetables, fruits, and other leafy greens.

Role of Calcium

In a persons body, cells use calcium to activate particular enzymes hence enhance the blood to clot. Eating food rich in calcium also ensures that one does not suffer from obesity or overweight. An individual is recommended to take at least 1000mg of calcium daily.

It enhances blood clotting

It regulates blood pressure

It strengthens bones and teeth

Sources that contain Potassium, Calcium, and Magnesium


Soya beans

Brazil nuts

How is Hypertension Controlled?

Exercises ensure that someones body is fit hence of appropriate health and aids an individual to avoid excessive that may lead to blood pressure. An individual with a high pressure is also recommended to take Alpha-2 agonists and ACE inhibitors that aids in the relaxation of blood vessels that reduces blood pressure (Mancia, Grassi & Redon, 2014). It is also important to manage stress as it also contributes to hypertension. Finally, a person with hypertension should seek medication to get drugs that help reduce blood pressure in the body.


Holland, K. (2017). Everything You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure (Hypertension). Healthline.com. Retrieved 4 April 2017, from http://www.healthline.com/health/high-blood-pressure-hypertension

Thompson, C. (2015). List of Functions of Magnesium. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/494159-list-of-functions-of-magnesium/

Mancia, G., Grassi, G., & Redon, J. (Eds.). (2014). Manual of hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension. CRC Press.

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