Medicines Treatment on Type 2 Diabetes and Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

2021-06-17 03:30:39
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Effect of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis: A randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

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The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, Vol 30, No.1, 1-11 was published by World Scientific Publishing Company & Institute for Advanced Research in Asian Science and Medicine which is established in Japan and China. The Asian Scientist Magazine was initiated in 2011 by the Asian Scientist Publishing Pte. Ltd. The authors of the journal include Charlie Changli Xue, Robert English, Jerry Jiansheng Zhang, Cliff Da Costa and Chun Guang Li.

The journal was verified by the Chinese Medicine Unit under the department of Statistics and Operations Research Drug Research and Development Group located at RMIT University, Bundoora, Vitoria 3083, Australia. The journal was published in the year 2002 and accepted on July 23, 2001. The journal is produced on a monthly basis. The 10 pages peer reviewed journal contains an evaluation of the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture in the treatment of Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis (RAR).

The evaluation was conducted through two phases which included crossover single blind clinical trial. Through the two phases, 30 subjects were randomly assigned to two groups with 17 and 13 subjects respectively and treated with real and sham acupuncture (three times a week) for four consecutive weeks and then a crossover for treatments for a further four weeks without a washout period. The number of people who completed the study was 26. Participants were assessed before, during and after the treatments.

Ideally, the process of administration of real acupuncture was through a syndrome differentiation in accordance with the Chinese Medicine Theory. The outcomes were measured using subjective symptom scores by utilizing a five-point scale (FPS), relief medication scores (RMS) and adverse effect records. The outcomes showed that there were significant improvement in FPS (nasal and non-nasal symptoms) between the two types of acupuncture treatments. Moreover, there were no remarkable differences in the RMS measured between the real acupuncture treatment group and the sham treatment group. From all the groups observed, there were no side effect recorded and so it was deduced that acupuncture was an effective and safe alternative treatment for the management of SAR.

Mapping the Knowledge of International Chinese medicines treatment on type 2 diabetes: A biblimetrical study

The journal titled Mapping the Knowledge of International Chinese medicines treatment on type 2 diabetes: A biblimetrical study was published by the School of Basic Medical Science, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China on 28 December 2016 and published on the same day. This online version of the journal was made available in the online stores in 31 December 2016. Jiahui Hu, Kangle Shi, Qinggang Meng were the people behind the composition of this journal.

The number of articles that were retrieved were 1518 most of which were published between the year 2002 and 2016. It is an open article under the CC BY-NC-DN licence (http://creativecommons.org/licences/by-nc-nd/4.0). The objective of journal was to unearth and spot the hot topic and frontier of Chinese medicines treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The method that was utilized was the use of web science which was searched for published articles for Chinese medicines treatment of T2DM ranging from January 1st, 2002 to July 6th, 2016. Knowledge maps of the international Chinese medicines treatment of T2DM were visualized by using document co-occurrence analysis and word frequency analysis (institution and Journal), co-citation clustering analysis (co-reference), keyword co-occurrence clustering analysis and citespac III, a tool of scientometrics.

The results obtained from the study showed that the universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico was the institution that had the highest number of published papers which had been cited in the field. China had four institutions among the top 10. The journal of the highest frequency of co-cited journal was Diabetes Care, a core one in the field. The conclusion was that Chinese Institutions played a major role in T2DM studies. The effect of TCM herbs on insulin resistance was the most debated topic in the domain. Invention of new TCM herbal medicine which regulates incretin effect was the domain frontier.

Moreover, it can be said that the Research on the Chinese medicines treatment of T2DM required high-quality evidence to support, and its mechanism requires further exploration. Organizations in China led in the TCM-focused T2DM studies. Though many organizations in Western countries were emerging but none of them surpassed those from China. Diabetes cure remains to be vital and the Diabetes Care was a core journal where high-quality studies of TCM-focused T2DM had been published. The effect of TCM herbs on IR is the hot topic of the domain.

Developing new TCM herbal medicines that regulates incretin effect was the main domain frontier. The authors declared no conflict of interest. The journal is peer review under responsibility of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. The work of researching on the topic and composing the journal was supported by funding from National Natural Science Foundation of China.

Reference

Hu, J., Shi, K. & Meng, Q. (2016). Mapping the knowledge of International Chinese medicines treatment on type 2 diabetes: A biblimetrical study (2016). Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Science, 3, 263- 272.

Xue, C.C., English, R., Zhang, J.Z., Cliff Da Costa and Li, C.G. (2002). Effect of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis: A randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 30(1), 1-11.

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