Russia's Consideration as A Hostile Country - Compare and Contrast Essay

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Carnegie Mellon University
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Considering the two authors Ariel Cohen and Steven Pifer, the Russian state can be politically analyzed from different angles. The political analysis by the two authors justifies the critical political being of Russia (Rourke, et al).

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Ariel Cohen Opinion about the Russian Government

According to Ariel Cohen, basing his argument on Rethinking reset: Re-Examining the Obama Administration Russia policy, the Russian government is considered to be hostile. His testimony indicates that the Authoritative Russian government is following policies that are not considered ethical in the way that they rule their government (Rourke, et al.). The consideration of the ethical being of the Russian government is determined based on the U.S interests.

Steven Pifer Opinion about Russian Government

According to Steven Pifer, the case that the Russian government is hostile is not justifiable. He argues that the Russian state uses the methods that they used as a means of countering their rivals. He says that it is an error to treat them as hostile especially regarding the fact that the difference between them and their rivals could lead to significant negative value on their part (Rourke, et al.).


In my view, the case presented by Steven Pifer seems more valid compared to his counterpart’s case. The following scenarios justify my case:

First, the ruling by the criminal investigation of anti-corruption in May, the year 2010 alleging that the Russian state was trying to avenge the attack by their rival state's trial to fraud the Russian state’s companies (Harf and Lombardi).

In case of an attack, everyone’s notion would tell them that counter strategies serve well when the likelihood of an attack from the rivals would bring disastrous effects to them. Instead of waiting for them to attack you, you need to try to counter them to ensure that their impact is zero-rated or reduced.

Secondly, the court’s rejection of the Russian state’s appeals on May 31 when the court ruled that it had violated Khodorkovsky's rights which are indeed not the case. This ruling can be regarded as biased and unjustifiable considering that both sides were not considered before the ruling (Michaleva and Riabov).

I, therefore, stand with Steven Pifers justification to reject the case that the Russian government is hostile. All the strategies that the proponents of the statement are using to conclude that Russia is a hostile country seem to be nothing more than counter-strategies.

Works Cited

Harf, James E, and Mark O. Lombardi. Taking Sides. Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic, 2006.

Michaleva, Galina, and Andrei Riabov. Russian Challenges: Between Freedom and Energy. Peter Lang, 2011.

Miller, William. The Aged Saint in Life and Death. a Sermon, Occasioned by the Death of Mr. Matthew Miller ... July the 11th, 1788; Preached at Ross ... by William Miller. Printed by William Pine. Sold by J. Buckland, in London, 1788.

Milov, Vladimir, et al. Russia, and the West: The Energy Factor. Center for Strategic & International Studies, 2008.

Roosevelt, P R. T.n. Granovskii: Universal Historian and Russian Intelligent. 1981.

Rourke, John T. International Politics on the World Stage. Dushkin Pub. Group, 1991.

Rourke, John T, et al. Direct Democracy and International Politics: Deciding International Issues Through Referendums. Lynne Rienner, 1992.

Wegren, Stephen K. The Moral Economy Reconsidered: Russia's Search for Agrarian Capitalism. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

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