Aggression is among the most imperative child disorders commonly studied under clinical psychology and psychiatry. By definition, it means certain unique behaviors whose intention is to harm or annoy somebody (Benson, 2011). It is among the common behavior problems. Usually, it is understood to cause discomfort and sometimes distress to other people and often result into destruction of the persons mental health or their family members as well as the community. Various methods like cognitive, pharmacological therapy or behavior therapy can be used in treating the disorder (Benson, 2011). A child that has not undergone treatment for the disorder will often exhibit antisocial behaviors. Parenting style is understood as one of the most important factor that contributes to the type of aggression among children (Rubin & Pepler, 2013). This report examines the relationship between child aggression and parenting style using linear regression analysis as discussed in the following:Methods
Linear regression analysis is used to analyze secondary data. The results are tabulated and interpreted accordingly to help understand the outcome of the analysis. SPSS software is utilized in the assessment.
Table 1 is a summary for the model showing Rsquare values and the standard error estimates as well as the change statistics. The RSquare values is 0.063 or 6.3% with standard error of 0.31225
Table 1: Model Summary
Model R R Square Adjusted R Square Std. Error of the Estimate Change Statistics
R Square Change F Change df1
1 .331 .063 .070 .31225 .063 18.643 2
Dependent variable: Aggression
Independent variable: Parenting Style
Table 2: Coefficients
Model Unstandardized Coefficients Standardized Coefficients t Sig.
B Std. Error Beta 1 (Constant) -.0061 .0122 -.479 .6320
Sibling Aggression .0930 .0381 .0962 2.491 .0131
Parenting Style .0622 .0122 .1945 5.057 .0000
Table 2 above displays the coefficient values for the constant and parenting style while exhibiting their relationship to sibling aggression. The table also reveals respective significance of each variable. Table 3 below presents a summary of residual statistics of the variables examined through descriptive statistics. The following is the linear model developed from the analysis:
Sibling aggression = 0.0962 + 0.1945 (Parenting style) 0.0122
Other aspects of the model are summarized under Table 1 and 2
Table 3: Residuals Statistics
Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation N
Predicted Value -.4630 .327 -.0050 .09139 666
Std. Predicted Value -5.011 3.64 .000 1.000 666
Standard Error of Predicted Value .012 .0640 .025 .010 666
Adjusted Predicted Value -.4259 .3219 -.0051 .09120 666
Residual -1.15286 1.18037 .00000 .30605 666
Std. Residual -3.756 3.845 .000 .997 666
Stud. Residual -3.768 3.863 .000 1.002 666
Deleted Residual -1.16075 1.19121 .00008 .30939 666
Stud. Deleted Residual -3.807 3.904 .000 1.005 666
Mahal. Distance .015 28.244 3.994 4.479 666
Cook's Distance .000 .083 .002 .007 666
Centered Leverage Value .000 .042 .006 .007 666
As revealed from the analysis, the rate of aggression among child is 0.0962 given that parenting style and other factors are held constant. However, children aggression changes by 0.1945 following a unit change in the parenting style. The analysis further reveals that parenting style only affects 6.3% of all the changes in the children aggression as indicated by R Square output. The remaining part is influenced by other factors outside the model. Statistically, the model is not significant at 5% level as indicated by the F-value. However, both the constant and coefficients are significant at 5% level.
From the regression analysis and tests exhibited under table 3, it is worth concluding that sibling aggression is a moderator between child aggressions and parenting style. This is based on the fact that there is a positive and significant influence that the variable bears on child aggression.
Benson, J. (2011). Advances in child development and behavior. London: Academic Press.
Rubin, K. H., & Pepler, D. J. (Eds.). (2013). The development and treatment of childhood aggression. Psychology Press.
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