Parenting Style and Impact on Childrens use of Facebook

2021-06-17 13:17:17
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1372 words
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Wesleyan University
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Course work
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Introduction Past studies have shown that various parenting styles (permissive, authoritative, and democratic) have different influence on childrens use of social media. The study investigated the impact of parenting styles (autocratic and democratic) on a childs use of Facebook and to find out the differences in childrens use of Facebook based on their parents parenting styles.

Type of review This is a literature review of past studies related to my proposed study.

Order of sources to be discussed The sources were ordered based on relevance to the proposed study.

Source 1 Cultural differences in parenting styles and their effects on teens' self-esteem, perceived parental relationship satisfaction, and self-satisfaction. (Chang, 2007).

Who The study was carried out by Mimi Chang

Where? Private high school in New Jersey

When? 2007

What? (Topic, sample, method) The topic is Cultural differences in parenting styles and their effects on teens' self-esteem, perceived parental relationship satisfaction, and self-satisfaction. The study design was correlational. The sample for the study made of 156 (59 males and 80 females) student participants aged between 14 and 18 derived from a private high school in New Jersey. The participants were recruited through stratified sampling technique.

Why relevant? The study examines the characteristics of various parenting style. Because my study is on parenting style and use of Facebook,' knowledge of parenting styles is important in predicting how parents might influence their childrens use of Facebook.

Strengths Some of the strengths of this study are the probability sampling technique (stratified sampling) used to recruit the subjects. I also plan to select participants through a probability sampling method so as to enhance the generalizability of my research findings.

Weaknesses The participants were from one geographical region with most of them having the same demographic characteristics. I will overcome this limitation by recruiting individuals with demographic diversity and from different geographic regions. This will enhance external validity of the proposed study.

Source 2 Parenting the Internet. (Eastin, Greenberg, & Hofschire, 2006).

Who The study was carried out by Eastin, Greenberg, and Hofschire

Where? Midwestern U.S. State

When? 2006

What? (Topic, sample, method) The topic is Parenting the Internet. The study design was telephone survey. The sample for the study comprised of 613 participants (310 unmarried mothers 303 married mothers) having a child of aged 13 and 18 attending a public school.

Why relevant? The study examined the effects of various parenting styles on the level of internet access by teenagers. Because my study is on parenting style and use of Facebook,' this study is relevant because the dependent variable studied (internet) is related to Facebook. Moreover, the participants age group is the same as that of my proposed study

Strengths Use of large sample and appropriate measures were strengths of this study. I also intend to recruit large samples so as to achieve high external validity.

Weaknesses The absence of permissive parents limited this study. Thus the researcher could not see the effect of this parenting style on the outcome variable. I will overcome this by ensuring that I recruit my future sample is comprised of all parenting styles. To achieve this, I will use parenting style questionnaire when recruiting participants. Another limitation of this study is that it surveyed mothers only. Thus the findings cannot be generalized to families headed by fathers. I will overcome this by ensuring that my sample consist of parents of both genders

Source 3 The effect of parenting styles on teenagers social interaction within social media in China. (Li & Zedginidze, 2015.).

Who The study was carried out by Li and Zedginidze

Where? Shenyang, China.

When? 2015

What? (Topic, sample, method) The topic is The effect of parenting styles on teenagers social interaction within social media in China. The sample for the study comprised of 131 aged between 11 and 18 derived from high schools in Shenyang, China.

Why relevant? The study examines the effects of various parenting style on the use of popular social media sites (QQ and Wechat) among teenagers in China. This study is relevant because the independent variable in the study is the same as in my study and the outcome variable is comparable with Facebook.

Strengths Some of the strengths of this study include the use of relevant measures of the dependent variable. I also intend to use valid and reliable measures in my assessment of parenting styles exhibited by the parents.

Weaknesses The primary drawback of this study is the small number of participants which limits generalizability. I will overcome this weakness by using a large sample, which ensures external validity. The second limitation of this study was that all the constructs or variables were not measured. I will improve my study by making sure that all the relevant variables present in the participants and affecting the outcome variable are measured or assessed using valid and reliable instruments. This will enhance the validity of the proposed study.

Source 4 Parent and Teen Internet Use. (Macgill, 2007).

Who The study was carried out by Alexandra Macgill

Where? United States

When? 2007

What? (Topic, sample, method) The topic is Parent and Teen Internet Use. The sample for the study comprised of 935 teens aged 12 to 17. To gather information relevant to the study, the participants were interviewed via telephone.

Why relevant? The study examines how parents affect their childrens internet lives. Both the independent and outcome variables in this study are comparable to those in my proposed study, thus making this study relevant.

Strengths Use of the large sample, which increases the validity of the findings, was a strength of the study. I also intend to recruit large samples so as to achieve high external validity.

Weaknesses The primary drawback of this study is the lack of relevant measures of the independent variable. I will address this limitation in my proposed study by using valid and reliable measures of relevant variables.

Source 5 Protecting youth online: Family use of filtering and blocking software. (Mitchell, Finkelhor, & Wolak, 2005).

Who The study was carried out by Mitchell, Finkelhor, and Wolak.

Where? United States

When? 2005

What? (Topic, sample, method) The topic is Protecting youth online: Family use of filtering and blocking software. The sample for the study comprised of 1501 children aged between 10 and 17 recruited through a two-stage probability sample.

Why relevant? The study examines how parents protect and check their childrens internet use. Both the independent and outcome variables in this study are the same as to those in my proposed study, making this study relevant.

Strengths Use of large sample and probability sampling techniques in recruiting participants were primary strengths of this study. I also intend to recruit a representative sample so as to ensure the validity of the research.

Weaknesses The primary drawback of this study is that the parents may not have been well-versed with computers and its use. I intend to overcome this limitation by making sure that only parents who are knowledgeable in computers and internet use are recruited for my proposed study.

Source 6 Preadolescents' and adolescents' online communication and their closeness to friends. (Valkenburg & Peter, 2007).

Who The study was carried out by Valkenburg and Peter.

Where? United States

When? 2007

What? (Topic, sample, method) The topic is Preadolescents' and adolescents' online communication and their closeness to friends. The sample for the study comprised of 794 youths aged between 10 and 16.

Why relevant? The study examines investigated online communication and its relationship to the closeness of existing friendships.

Strengths Use of highly valid and reliable measures was a major strength of the study. I also intend to utilize high-quality and relevant measures to assess various aspects of the independent variable.

Weaknesses The primary weakness of the study is the use of cross-sectional data in the testing of assumptions. In my proposed research, I will address this limitation by using causal-correlational research.

References

Chang, M., 2007. Cultural differences in parenting styles and their effects on teens' self-esteem, perceived parental relationship satisfaction, and self-satisfaction.

Eastin, M.S., Greenberg, B.S. and Hofschire, L., 2006. Parenting the internet. Journal of communication, 56(3), pp.486-504.

Li, X., Zedginidze, A., 2015. The Effect of Parenting Styles on Teenagers social Interaction Within Social Media In China.

Macgill, A.R., 2007. Parent and Teen Internet Use. Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech.

Mitchell, K.J., Finkelhor, D. and Wolak, J., 2005. Protecting youth online: Family use of filtering and blocking software. Child abuse & neglect, 29(7), pp.753-765.

Valkenburg, P.M. and Peter, J., 2007. Preadolescents' and adolescents' online communication and their closeness to friends. Developmental psychology, 43(2), p.267.

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