International relations can be defined as an area of study concerned with the relations between different countries. These relations may come in the form of business or diplomatic relations. This is one of the ways through which globalization has been able to spread over the past decades. Globalization has hence been blamed for the weakening dimensions of national states. Many scholars have produced similar opinions regarding the transformations states are undergoing as a result of this. While some are advocating for civilization, some are speaking of world governance. During early years, international relations were centralized on states and countries. However, the political landscape has of late undergone noticeable changes. The major players in the field of international relations include international organizations such as NGOs and INGOs, IGOs, and multinational corporations. As a result, the system of international governance has changed since. There seems to be no dominant alternative apart from global governance. This paper analyzes the manner in which international governance has changed to global governance.
International relations is no longer a term that can be used to describe the modern day system of international governance. The main actors need to come up with a more suitable name for the contemporary system. However, due to the increased organizations and enhanced networks, the new system is being referred to as global governance. Global governance is a set of rules designed to solve global challenges that cannot be solved independently by every individual country. Challenges such as global warming, terrorism, and human trafficking exceed the boundaries of just one nation. As a result, affected countries need to set a forum made up of representatives from each country to tackle such problems in appropriate ways. Global governance, therefore, proves to be an analytical concept that offers a particular perspective distinguishing world politics from international relations.
Global governance has been noted to avoid the hierarchy where international organizations come second to national politics. It advocates for the present and upcoming international organizations. Nevertheless, it is imperative to note that it provides every organization its needed attention. The continued growth of international organizations has proven to be beneficial since each of them has a significant on international and national policies. For instance, the decisions of the International Criminal Court, reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and regulations of the World Trade Organizations all serve international purposes. Through these organizations, global governance has taken up the multi-actor perspective instead of focusing on nations individually. Unlike international relations, global governance turns world politics into a multi-level system where global processes, as well as regional and national processes, cannot be separated from each other. For example, this policy assists one in understanding how rules instituted by WTO influence regional communities and in turn, how these communities affect the said rules. Another example involves how solutions to global problems take into account local settings. Another way through which the system of international governance has changed is in the manner in which global governance promotes social activities. Unlike international relations that try explaining the behavior exhibited by individual states based on a power relations perspective, global governance utilizes the norms and standards that structure social activity.
The main idea behind the adoption of global governance, therefore, is the need to reflect on cooperation among governments and international organizations. It becomes a useful concept in the end since it aids us in understanding the diverse interactive transformations in the world. In addition, it provides new insights into the political systems, which are beyond ones state.
Mearsheimer, J. The False Promise of International Institutions, International Security. Vol. 19 Issue 3, 1994/1995, p5. 45p.
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