An individuals self-image is perceived as that personal summary formulation of his or her status. This concept differs significantly from the traditional perspective in which the concept of self-image universally is considered to be a kind of organized information summary of a particular person starting with ones traits, values, interests, physical characteristics and personal history. Many factors are known to contribute to self-image during childhood and adolescence. Self-image can be divided into three categories which include how individual see' himself or herself, how others see that individual, and how an individual perceives others see him.
The way an individual tends to perceive him or herself is very important. It will determine how the person can interact with others. Some children are usually shy and like to isolate themselves from his/her fellow peer groups (Garner, 2012). Such children are known to have low self-esteem. This can be brought about by various factors including their parents. The way a parent brings up his children will influence the self-image that the children with having on him/herself. Many parents like to advise their children to stay indoors and not to associate with other children unless they are in school. Such children may grow up and still isolate themselves from other since they would not be able to know to associate with others. It is significant for parents to allow their children to interact with others for them to be able to understand the importance of associations. Children also tend to learn various things through interaction that they parents would not be able to teach them.
Poor self-image is the result of accumulative criticism that a child may get that leads to the damaging of their view of themselves. Children are known to vulnerable in accepting negative criticism about them (Garner, 2012). They tend to major on that criticism and even when they grow up; they will still remember them. Different researchers have established that children usually analyze every negative report that they hear from other people. They tend to stick to such negative criticism that makes them believe they are whatever what other say they are on that occasion. This is why parents are advised to mind the language that they might use while they are children it around. When discipline children, parents are advised not to abuse them with harsh words that might destroy their self-image.
The development of physiology in the aspect of self-image has been a long time coming. Many theories have been established by renowned physiology to explain the origin of self-image and the dimension it has taken over the years.
The argument of that theorist was that self-image needed to be included in the technology of the modern world such as when using cell phones, computers and any other electronic that makes our lives better. Such technologies have a great impact on our personalities and can not be avoided as much as we may try. Self-Image is shaped by our surroundings and the things that we interact with in the environment (Garner, 2012). It is believed that people are born with certain personalities, and they may change over time due to the influence of many environmental aspects.
In the modern world, technology has transformed the self-image of many children. Children have started to have a weird imagination that they can be some characters in certain movies that they are watching. However, it can be advantageous to children depending on the type of movies they are watching. That is why parents should be careful to allow their children to watch certain types of movies (Garner, 2012). Some movies are educative, and that tends to boost the morale of children. Children experts have argued that the self-image of any child can be influenced by environmental factors. The social interaction with a peer from school can also influence the self-image of the child. Some children fear competition, and when they are under stiff competition, it can have a negative influence on their self-image. Such children may tend to see other as destruction especially if they are always defeated. Another prominent factor is the personality of children. Some children considered themselves as a perfectionist. They tend to do things until they feel they have achieved their objective (Griswold, 2013). They set standards that are difficult for them to achieve. It leads to them straining a lot and wasting much of their time trying to achieve those set standards. When they do achieve those standards, it makes them start stressing. This can make them develop certain types of diseases such high blood pressure. Another factor that contributes to the negative self-image is the beauty value of the society in which a child lives. In most cultures, beauty is perceived as thinness and brown in color. Children who do not possess these characteristics tend to develop negative attitude among them. Often, girls do feel they measure up to the standards of the society. In most cases, such girls tend to isolate themselves from the rest of the society (Griswold, 2013). The physical characteristics of a child can either him positively or negatively. Children who are perceived to be beautiful in the society usually gain a positive self-image for themselves. They are known to walk with pride, as they feel appreciated by the society.
The introduction of technology in the modern world has transformed our self-image in a huge way. The computers that are used currently have enabled learning to be easier since people can found information without even struggling like in the past. This has changed the behavior of even the children. In the antiquity, the only means to get various information was seeking advice from the elderly people. With the introduction of the internet, people are only required to log in to various sites and get all the reliable information. The evolution of self-image theory has enabled the learning of cultures of different people. Based on the explanations of the previous theories such as Freud's stages of development has enabled people to realize the importance of personality. This evolution is still developing since new theorist is coming up with their perspectives regarding personalities. All those perceptions need to be put into consideration for people to make their conclusions regarding personality. However, this does not apply to everyone since some people may take this aspect of inferiority into their minds and tend to believe it for the rest of their lives unless intervening by a psychologist (Griswold, 2013). The unresolved inferiority feeling may grow into something big making the person have low self esteem and self-hopelessness. This explains why some children like to be isolated from his/her fellow age mates. The mentality of that child is that he cannot be able to perform better that the others.
People have diverse goals and objectives for their lives. The kind of goals that a person proposes for his/her life may change the self-image of that individual. This is because of the kind of lifestyle that he/she would be living. People with focused goals are known to associate themselves with people that will help them grow in all aspects of their lives unlike people with no focused goals. Focused people may even change their lifestyles so suit certain things in their lives.
Children who come from wealthy background usually have positive self-image compared to those from a humble background. Parents from wealthy family tend to provide their children with luxuries that make them feel appreciated. This will result to them viewing other from a humble background in a weird way. In some cases, children from humble background have low self-esteem when they are in a group with other from a wealthy family. They tend to see themselves as inferior to the other based on the things that they posses. When people are in a position of evaluating other, self-image maintenance processes can result to a more negative evaluator depending on the evaluators self-image. The stereotype and prejudice of a person usually maintain their self-image. A child who is born from certain humble background would not have the same personality for a child born from a wealthy family. The two children will view things from different angles. The child from the humble background will likely envy the other child thinking that he is luckier than him/her. In some incidents, children from wealthy background may look down upon children from humble homes.
Risk and protective factors
Several factors can be used to restore the self-image of children who are greatly affected. One of the dimensions is visiting psychologists who will try to talk to them to see the impact that it has had on them. Psychologist tends to understand what such children are passing through at the moment (Marcus, 2009). This mostly applies to children who are having using with negative criticism from other people. It is important for the psychology to boost the morale of such children by encouraging them to believe in themselves. Parents also have a principal role to play in the life of their children. Researchers have indicated that 78% of self-image comes from the environment. Parents should try to provide a conducive environment for the up bring off their children. This starts with the type of friends that a particular child associates him/herself. The friends that a child gets to associate with contributing a great deal on the self-image of that child . Parents should scrutinize and see the characters of the children friends. In most cases, children are advised to relate with people from the same age groups. By having, friends with people who are of higher age will tend to give pressure o certain children to act according to their friends. This may make them have low self-esteem in case they are not able to match they friends standards.
The issue of self-image is very important for children, and it should not be ignored. Every person in the society has a role to play to ensure that children can have a positive self-image upon themselves. This will motivate them to achieve better in life.
Garner, C. F. (2012). The self-image. Volume 1. London: C.F. Garner.Griswold, R. E. (2013). "Self image".
Edina, Minn.: Effective Learning Systems.Jones, A. (2006). Self-image: Technology, representation, and the contemporary subject.
London: Routledge.Madigan, D. A. (2001). The Qur'an's self-image: Writing and authority in Islam's scripture. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Marcus, J., & Muzeon Yisrael (Jerusalem). (2009). Designers' self image: An international showcase of identity graphics. New York: Library of Applied Design.
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