Psychopharmacology: Cephalexin and Meloxicam

2021-05-01 01:24:05
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The brand name for the drug is Xanax, Xanax XR, Niravam. The drug is an anti-anxiety that is found in the family of benzodiazepine. The drug is used for treating anxiety and panic attacks. The side effects of the drug if taken on low doses include lightheadedness and drowsiness. If the drug is taken in high doses, the side effects include memory loss, fatigue, constipation, and change in appetite. The drug is usually excreted by a nursing mother, and that means that it affects the infant. Xanax is not good for women who are nursing.

Xanax works by decreasing abnormal brain activity which results in the user experiencing a calming effect. Xanax takes fast effect when it is dissolved in the tongue instead of swallowing it. The effect wont last long, but it is the best way to beating anxiety. The drug usually reduces anxiety, relaxes the muscles, causes sleepiness, and stops seizures. The drug is not recommended for every person. This is because it has an addiction problem. The drug is not recommended for people who have a history of drug or alcohol abuse. Patients are advised to use the drug with CNS depressants. The drug requires a prescription from an expert. It has a generic that is available in medicine shops. Alprazolam can be taken without food or with food (Klosko, Janet S., et al., 77).

Meloxicam

The brand name of Mobic, Vivlodex. It is found in the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory class of drugs. The drug has a side effect of short breath for people allergic to NSAIDs. The other side effects include hypertension, fluid retention, and reduction of the functioning of the kidney. There have been no studies that determine if meloxicam is excreted by nursing mothers in their breast milk.

Meloxicam is prescribed for inflammations, stiffness, swelling and pain. The drug works by inhibiting hormone action. The hormones that are inhibited are those that cause pain and inflammation in the body. People who should not take the drug are smokers, those with mast cells that are increased, pregnant women, and people with anemia. People with problems with alcohol and high bleeding should also avoid the drug. Patients should use the lowest dose that will be effective and for a short duration (Chouinard, et al., 229).Meloxicam is prescribed for treating tenderness, pain, and swelling. The drug should be described by a professional. It also has a generic that is also helpful to patients.

Cephalexin

The brand name is Keflex. The drug is an antibiotic found in a class called cephalosporin. The drug is used in treating infections caused by bacteria. The side effects of cephalexin include fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and headache. The drug is not recommended for nursing mothers because it is excreted in breast milk.

The drug is used for treating infections. The drug is found in a tablet, capsule or liquid and mouth takes it. The drug should be avoided by people who have other allergies on antibiotics. People with stomach, colitis, kidney and liver diseases should first inform the doctor before taking the drug. A pregnant person should also avoid it (Marks, et al., 780). If a person wants to undertake a surgery, then the doctor should be informed that the patient is taking cephalexin. Interaction of the drug with other medications may increase the risk of having greater side effects. That means that a patient should inform the doctor if he / she is taking other medications.

Works cited

Chouinard, G., et al. Meloxicam effect and side effects. Psychopharmacology 77.3 2012: 229-233.

Klosko, Janet S., et al. A comparison of alprazolam and behavior therapy in the treatment of panic disorder. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology 58.1 2010: 77.

Marks, Isaac M., et al. Cephalexin and exposure alone and combined in panic disorder with agoraphobia. A controlled study in London and Toronto. The British Journal of Psychiatry 162.6 2013: 776-787.

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