The book introduction to cyber-ethics: concepts, perspectives, and methodological frameworks by Tavani (2004) talks about foundational concepts that are informative on the subject of cyber ethics. The chapter begins by reflecting on a cyberstalking incident and later points out the ethical issues associated with the situation. The author breaks into detail key terms in cyber-ethics and cyber-technology, evolution and phases of cyber-ethics, the novelty of cyber-ethics, perspectives of cyber-ethics, neutrality of cyber-ethics, as well as methods of approaching cyber-ethics issues. The federal government has to come up with more severe changes in the law to intensify internet privacy and punish cyber-offenders.
The author asserts that cyber-ethics scrutinizes not only the effects of cyber-technology on peoples social, legal, and moral systems but also weighs the social policies and laws in place to eliminate the issue. Also, he defines cyber-technology as a comprehensive range of computing systems. On a broader perspective, the book depicts a clear picture of key terms in networking systems. In regards to the developmental phases of cyber-technology, Tavani (2004) articulates that phase 1 of cyber ethics evolution occurred in the 1950s and 1960s, phase 2 in 1970s and 1980s, phase 3 in 1990s until the present, and phase 4 from present to future. As the author explains, the cyber-ethics that are currently in place has many concerns including the artificial robots, which have decision-making skills, biochip implants, and research skills. Apparently, the more computers become part of every individuals life, more moral concerns continue to expand.
In regards to the uniqueness of cyber-ethics. It is agreeable that every aspect is new or extraordinary about moral issues associated with cyber-technology. Specifically, since cyber-ethics incorporates privacy, property, and fairness, it is believable that there is a difference between both traditional and contemporary cyber ethics. Even so, Kumra and Mittal (2002) articulate that many unique challenges that range from the nature of information exist in cyber-ethics due to the technological changes that have outperformed ethical developments. Tavani (2004) talks about the three perspectives of applied ethics regarding cyber-ethics as professional, philosophical, and sociological. He explains that professional perspective examines codes of conduct, philosophical looks at privacy and anonymity, and sociological studies the impact of cyber-technology on individual groups. The depiction of cyber-ethics in the book is interesting and thought-provoking. Precisely, it is impressive how the author provides case illustrations in his work that can make the reader understand every aspect he talks about in the chapter.
In general, the federal government has to come up with more stern changes in the law to intensify internet privacy and punish cyber-offenders. On a broader perspective, cases of cyber-security have become widespread in the entire world. After reading the text, several questions do come in mind. For example, the author talks of how the present phase of cyber evolution has security concerns. Consequently, where does the responsibility of federal as well as other firms begin and end in regards to cyber-security? Also, on the subject of future evolution, could there be any technologies that people have to worry about from a security perspective? On a large note, cyber-security threats have its basis on human dimensions such as the case of Amy Boyer as indicated in the chapter. Overall, the reading is significant at this time when cyber threats are on the rise as it provides insights on cyber-security and ethical issues associated with it.
Kumra R., and Mittal, R.K. (2002). Ethical Issues in Cyberage. Delhi Business Review, vol. 3, no. 1.
Tavani, H, T. (2004). Introduction to Cyber Ethics: Concepts, Perspectives, and Methodological Frameworks. Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons.
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