As noted by Krasner and Pascual, citizens are denied access to essential public goods resulting from the political, economic, and social chaos that is present in failed states. Public goods and services can be described as economic products whose usage benefits the entire public without discrimination. Examples of public goods include national defense against external threats, internal security, schools, sanitation, proper infrastructure among other essential goods and services. The unavailability of these essential public goods cannot be termed as state denial but rather the inability of the state to deliver such public goods. For the state to sufficiently provide these public goods, it is essential that a country must be stable from political, economic, and social perspectives. For instance, when a country is experiencing economic turbulence, the state’s financial ability is curtailed given that reduced economic activities result in reduced tax collections. Consequently, the state’s ability to provide essential public goods and services is affected.
The Article Highlights
Krasner and Pascual's article has criticized the global community citing its failure to properly organize and address governance issues in failed states. In addition to what has been highlighted in this article, what other preventive measures can the global community undertake to improve governance in these fragile states? While the UN Department of Political Affairs concludes that there is not a consensus definition for peacebuilding, I concur with Krasner and Pascual on the phases that should be followed to transform fragile states into stable states. One of the initial efforts is to stabilize and enforce order in the country before any other efforts take place. Stabilizing the country and enforcing order as most the basic efforts that should be pursued is logical as any other measure to promote peace would be futile if the fragile states are still in chaos.
As already highlighted, the peace operations and the subsequent stages towards peacekeeping or peacebuilding require resources. With the rise of conflicts, this means that more resources are required to deploy the needed assistance in the form of both goods and services such as food and settlement of displaced persons. However, the main question is how these operations should be sponsored. It is evident that the United States is the leading monetary sponsor of the UN. However, it is paramount that there exists coordination between the United States and other-abled nations towards the mobilization of resources needed for the peacekeeping missions. What do you think is the best strategy to employ to bring on board the support of other developed nations towards financing this course? You have mentioned that bilateral partners and organizations are essential for peace operation programs. How can the coordination between these states and organizations be enhanced to ensure that conflict management across the globe is heightened?
Durch, William J. 2006. Twenty-First Century Peace Operations. Washington, DC: USIP
Krasner & Pascual: The Danger of Failed States
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