General-Specific and Specific-General Texts

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In this particular paragraph, the author has used the general-specific approach to writing. As seen in the explanations, the general-specific text always starts from a point of wide angling to one of specificity in terms of focus. For this case study, the author begins with a general statement which defines what the tragedy of the commons is. This is a statement that points the reader in the direction of the topic of discussion. It is general because it doesnt identify an area of concentration within the authors intentions of writing.

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The second statement goes on further to give details of the phenomenon in the first sentence, giving slightly detailed information about the phenomenon. A brief history of how the term tragedy of the commons came about is given in this section of the paragraph. This shows the flow of the paragraph into more specific details in line with the general-specific text guides. The third fourth and fifth statements are now detailed and in-depth explanations of the phenomenon, strictly pointing to the detailed information surrounding the application of the problem that is presented in the introductory statement. Furthermore, there is further information on the nature of the problem, and modern day application in terms of trans-border pollution among other issues.

The sixth statement of the paragraph begins to widen again the focus of the study by incorporating the studies of other professionals on the subject, which provides for a recommendation of sorts. Thereafter in the seventh statement, the writer widens the scope completely and focuses on further research into the topic in question. This is a good example of the application of general-specific form of writing.

Definitional Terms

In this particular section, we consider some of the legal jargon that is used both in layman language and the legal field, and their comparison of meaning in the both fields. It is important to note that what one may be expressing in the course of layman speech may mean something totally different when considered from a legal point of view.

The first such word is trust. In the layman sense, this may mean a situation where one can believe in another or reassure themselves of some reliance on whatever relationship they have between two or more people. In the legal sense, however, this presents a legal instrument that provides for a person operating an item for the benefit of another without accruing personal profit from that item. For example, consider it in the sentence: Rauls parents created a trust fund for his college education while he was still a minor.

Damages is another term that in most legal aspects can be the moneys paid to a victim who has suffered loss upon the occurrence of a hazardous incident. An example of the word in use can be considered in the statement: when the parties settled the dispute in court, the complainant was awarded half a million in damages.

Another word is settlement. In layman terms, the word means to stay at one point without moving anymore. In legal terms, this means the reaching of an agreement between disputing parties, mostly through a determination to pay a certain sum of money to the disputing party. In the following example, the meaning can be seen clearly: the applicants in the case went for an out-of-court settlement.

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