The Anatomy of China, Japan, USA, India and Australia

2021-05-18 16:53:48
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China is the largest country in the world with an approximately 1,379,443,525 and it is ranked number one in the world. Majority of the population leave in urban areas. Han Chinese represents 91.51 of the population while 8.49 are the minorities. The china population is projected to increase by 7,356,987 people in the beginning of next year. This will be as a result of increase in births as compared to deaths. The population of china is equivalent to 18.72% of the world population. The total land area is approximated to be 9,390,784 Km2.

United States

Land area

Population Area of land per head

3,537,438.44 square miles.

322,762,018. 0.01

The united have 51 states and comprises of different ethnic groups namely the African American, Latinos and other groups. California is the biggest state with a population of 37,253,956 while the smallest state is Wyoming with a population of 563,626.The united state population at the beginning of 2016 was projected to be 322,762,018. The combination deaths, births and migration of foreigners to the United States according to the census increment the population of the United States by one person every 17 second. The size of the United States is approximated to be 3,537,438.44 square miles (Murdock et al. 2015)

India

Land area

Population Area of land per head

1,147,839 sq. miles

1,328,123,570 0.86

India is the second largest country in the world after china with an estimated population of 1,328,123,570 and this population is equivalent to 17.84% of the total world population. Even with increased population, India remains one of the fastest growing economies in the world according to the recent statistics. The population density is in India is 446 per Km2 (1,156 people per mi2). 32 % of the people leave in urban area and the land area is estimated to be 2,972,892 Km2 (1,147,839 sq. miles) (Murdock, 2015).

Japan

Land area

Population Area of land per head

140,761 sq. miles

126,300,757 0.001

The population consists of ethnic Japanese which constitutes of 99.4% and thus it is a homogeneous population. Japan is an island found in the east of Asia with an area of 140,761 sq. miles Japan experiences a significant growth rate between 1975 and 1998 when the population grew from 115,000,000 to 126126,000. Majority of the Japanese (78.7%) leave in urban areas meaning that the population is highly urbanized. The current population of Japan is estimated to be 126,300,757. The population is equivalent to 1.72% of the world population and it is ranked number 11. The population density in Japan is 347 per Km2 (897 people per mi2) (Turner, 2015).

Australia

Land area

Population Area of land per head

7,682,300 sq miles.

24,387,795 0.31

Australia is a country, and at the same time a continent that is surrounded by both the Indian and pacific oceans. The majority of immigrant came from Europe up to 1970. Of recent, the country continues to receive to receive many immigrants from countries like Asia. The country is very friendly and receives everyone from all over the world and does not discriminate on cultural, religious or racial ground. The Australian population is projected to be 24,387,795 people. The size of Australia is estimated to be 7,682,300 sq miles (Connell, 2016)

Part 2: Culture including Religion

China

It is believed that ancient Chinese culture was rich in arts and science painting and pottery. The advent of western civilization was later adopted during the 19th century and the present culture is a mixture of western lifestyle and old tradition. China is composed of 56 ethnic groups, Han Chinese accounting for 91.59%. The most spoken language as I have heard is Chinese language which has different phonological and grammatical. The main religions in china are the Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. The official language of education is mandarin. The education system involves 6 years in primary, there years in junior then three years in high school. Am well conversant with English and I believe communicating with the locals will be a problem (Thorpe, 2016).

United States

Most of my friend who have been in the US told me culture of the United States is primarily western but influenced Native Americans, African Americans and Latin American cultures. The united states seem not to like the Muslims and I suspect dominating religion in unites states is protestants followed and Roman Catholic. It is rumored that Americans are social people and greetings are casual whereby a handshake and a hello are all that is required. Our country is dominated with western civilization and it is believed that US is also western influenced, the Schooling may be the same as ours staring with primary school followed by junior school and finished in high school. It is also said that most of Americans speak English hence I wont have any problem in doing business with them (Triandis, 2016).

India

Hinduism is a religion that is even found in our country, I suspect this to be the dominant religion in India. The few Indians that are found in our country always speak Hindi and this may be their official. Looking at the kind of foods this people prepare when you visiting some of their restaurant. Indian food cuisine is somehow complex as they use a variety of ingredients and use a wide range of food preparation. Most of the Indian school in my country have a different education system with four levels; lower primary upper primary, high primary and higher primary. This is the might be the same system in India. Indians may take me as an outsider and may prefer doing business with their fellow Indians when I reach there (Connell, 2016).

Australia

The culture of Australia is the western culture with no official language with English being the national language but the language is different from both American due to ancient accent. The country is known in rearing sheeps country and I think it has large access to quality meet barbecue beef. Australia has no official state religion but Christianity dominates in the county. Some of my friend who has been there before told me Australia dont have servant and domestic duties are shared with both men and women. The education system follows has three levels; primary, followed by secondary and then tertiary education with primary education being compulsory. I will experience some culture shock as most Australian as I hear have stuck to their culture (Norris et al. 2016).

Japan

Most of Japanese in our country struggle to speak English as they are used to Japanese and this may be their official language. Looking some of the Japanese artifacts in movies, Painting, calligraphy and sculpture may be being done Japanese. Visiting the Japanese restaurant you do find meals tempura, sushi, noodles and teriyaki hence I suspect this are their major meals. Japaneses is regarded as one of the hardworking society with fewer hours for leisure but do look for entertainment only when they can. Shinto is the dominant religion in Japan. The basic school system in Japan comprises of elementary school which lasts for six years and the university (4 years).as most of the Chinese do not know English, I will find it hard while doing businesses with them (Froese, 2016)

Part 3: Politics and Legal systems:

Japan

Japan is a democratic country that is headed by the prime minister who is the head of government while the Emperor acts as a ceremonial head of state. Japan have three type of election in their political system; the general elections to the House of Representatives that are held after four years. The other types of elections are local election after four years and election to the house of councilors held after three years. Every person in Japan is entitled to vote as long as he/she is a registered voter. The judiciary works as an independent body but and some of the laws are passed in the legislature (Brown, 2016).

The United States

The united state of America is a democratic country headed by the president who is elected after four years. The political system is dominated by two major parties, the republican and democrats. The federal government is made up of three different branches namely the legislature, judiciary and the executives. The principal characteristic of the judicial system of the United States is that plays a specific role under the separation of power between the arms of government. The judiciary is mandated with interpretation and applying of the law after they have been passed by the legislature (McGee, 2016)

China

China is one of the communist nations that are led by a single party (Communist Party of China). The country is led by the president and the vice president both elected after five years by the national people congress. The constitution gives NPC the power to amend the constitutions and elect and impeach top officials. The Chinese citizen does not participate in general elections and thus has as the members as top officials both at local and national levels o of communist party elect the president. The communist party of china in relationship with the legislature is mandated with enacting basis laws, and amending of the constitution (Wong, 2016).

India

India is a democratic country with a parliamentary system of government. The union government of India is divided into three major sections; the executive legislature and the judiciary. The Indian government has the president and the prime minister. The prime minister is the head of executive branch of the government and chief advisor to the president while the executive power is vested in the Indian president. The general elections are held after five years and every registered citizen is entitled to vote. In India the legislature assumes a significant role as the executive is also part of the legislature. It exists as a result of the legislature and is responsible to it though it carriers its duties independently (Borooah, 2016).

Australia.

The political system of Australia is somehow democratic and up to certain extends not. The government of Australia is divided in three major sections, the executive, judiciary and the legislature. The elections are held at least once in every three years. The governor general can be called upon by the prime minister to cal for an election in the House of Representatives any particular time. It is a must for any eligible voter to vote during the Election Day or else he/ she will face a penalty. The judiciary has powers over the laws passed by the legislature and interprets the constitution of Australia Under section 71 of the Australian constitution.

Part 4: Economics and Business Development

Average Real GDP Growth Average GDP per capita Average Current Account Balance

2013 2014 2015 2013 2014 2015 2013 2014 2015

China 7.7

7.3 6.9 6,807.43 USD 6732.45 6856.44 325 837 879

USA

1.2 2.3 1.4 53,041 USD 49.481.2 50,662.5 -700000 -8000 -120000

India

4.6 4.7 4.8 1,498.87 USD 1552.2 1627.8 -221,777 -9600 -8455

Australia 3.2

5.7 3.7 51,458.36 USD 53321.54 54,322,67 -13580 =12,645 -21000

From the table above, it can be concluded that the population of the country plays an essential role in determining the average real GDP of any given country.

References

Borooah, V. K. (2016). The Anatomy of Indian Parliamentary Elections. InVotes, Parties, and Seats (pp.

17-43). Springer International Publishing

Brown, A. J. (2016). Federalism in australia revisited: Political history and culture as Forces for stasis and

change. Federalism and decentralization: perceptions for political and institutional reforms, 235

Connell, J. (2016). Rural Change in Australia: Population, Economy, Environment. Routledge.

Froese, F. J., Kim, K...

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