Expository Essay Example on Health and Vulnerable Populations

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Middlebury College
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Vulnerable populations take account of racial and ethnic minorities, the economically disadvantaged, the uninsured, racial and ethnic minorities, senior citizens, low-income children, the homeless, those with HIV, and people with chronic health conditions among others. Socioeconomic status (SES) refers to a sociological and an economic combined total measure of an individual's work experience and a person's work experience and of a family's social and economic position concerning others, founded upon education, income, and career. What’s more, low socioeconomic status refers to when an individual lives on (not necessarily a dollar a day) but rather squalid living conditions (Yoshikawa, Whipps & Rojas, 2017).

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In as much as there are some vulnerable populations, this paper is going to give invaluable insights on low socioeconomic status (SES). Within Maryland Community, there are many vulnerable people defined by low socioeconomic status. Low socioeconomic status populations find it very challenging to find enough money to service their health care needs.

Social Determinants of Health

The work-related accomplishment of all workers improves very quickly with the level of education. The community determinants of vulnerabilities are also known abilities the social determinants of vulnerabilities. They include economic disadvantage, language and literacy, and medical issues and disabilities. Economic disadvantage resonates with low socioeconomic status and is the primary reason an individual may be in trouble and lack medical attention. Financial problems paired with non-fluency in English may prove to be an issue to a person because the process of diagnosis requires proper communication and understanding (Frohlich & Potvin, 2008). Finally, a history of disability or mental illness will also weigh down poor people because it may limit the rate at which they are working and economic development.

Mechanisms of Vulnerability and Influence of Multiple Risk Factors in the Vulnerable Population

Previous research has shown a strong linkage between low socioeconomic status (SES) and the have-not's receipt of health care service provision. Most studies have looked at the differentiated effects of all the risk factors linked to poor access. All the same, there is a need for practical models to account for the clustering of several hazards. The rates at which risk factors coincide determine the rate at which vulnerable populations can survive; more coincidence leads to increased difficulty.

Current Strategies for Reducing Health Disparities

The current procedures in the United States used to get rid of health disparities include ensuring a strategic focus on vulnerable communities such as low socioeconomic status populations that are usually at greatest risk; reducing the disparities that exist in access to quality health care; and improving the capacity of the prevention workforce to find out and take in hand differences. Finally, there is a need for the United States to give its support to research and find out the right strategies to get rid of health disparities.

When it comes to matters of economic disadvantages, the government of the United States should aim at operating at near full employment and rewards its population with jobs so that they may realize sustenance and develop the capacity to attend to their medical needs economically (Bonvicini, Ganapini, Spadoni, & Cozzani, 2012).

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Current Strategies in Eliminating Health Disparities

The government of the United States is acutely aware of the fact that economic empowerment is the key to completely neutralizing the challenges faced by vulnerable populations i.e. low socioeconomic status. Some mindfulness-based interventions initiated in community centers are effective in reducing the amount of stress in vulnerable populations.

How to Eliminate Health Disparities?

An integrative approach that may address health disparities between the low socioeconomic status populations and well-endowed populations is to factor in uniformity and inclusion in all matters of health. Among the American population, there is a general feeling that the private sector accords the public quality health care programs in comparison with public health care institutions. This is because private institutions have more to offer when it comes to post-modern equipment, bed capacity, and outsourced healthcare professionals among other things. Uniformity and inclusion would revolve around the increasing of the health care budget on a federal level and increasing the health care kitty on a county community level (Douglas, 2013).


When it comes to matters revolving around low socioeconomic status (SES), the clustering of multiple risks makes it even more difficult for an individual to get access to quality healthcare. For instance, if a person is not endowed financially; and is also an immigrant that does not have good knowledge of the English language, there is more limitation to the quality of healthcare such an individual may realize. The government of the United States can develop the right strategies to tend to the health care needs of all its populations.


Frohlich, K. L., & Potvin, L. (2008). Transcending the known in public health practice: the inequality paradox: the population approach and vulnerable populations. American journal of public health, 98(2), 216-221.

Yoshikawa, H., Whipps, M. D., & Rojas, N. M. (2017). New directions in developmentally informed intervention research for vulnerable populations. Child Development.

Bonvicini, S., Ganapini, S., Spadoni, G., & Cozzani, V. (2012). The Description of Population Vulnerability in Quantitative Risk Analysis. Risk Analysis, 32(9), 1576-1594.

Douglas, M. (2013). Patient-Centered Research And Vulnerable Populations. Health Affairs, 32(2), 439-439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2012.1423

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