Organized Crime: Human Trafficking

2021-05-07 16:45:21
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Human trafficking is the fastest growing and second largest organized crime globally. Today, it is estimated that about 21 million people are enslaved today, the sex industry having about 4.5 million of this population. The world of human trafficking can forced labor or sexual exploitation and is more widespread throughout the world. This paper looks at the consequences of human trafficking using resemblance arguments, evaluation, and ethical Arguments.

According to Scarpa (2008), Human trafficking impacts negatively on the life of victims just like the human slave trade. It affects people from various backgrounds who get trafficked for different purposes. The men are mostly trafficked for the hard labor jobs while the children get trafficked into textile labor positions, fishing and agricultural industries. Girls and women are trafficked typically into the industry for commercial sex such as various forms of sexual exploitation and prostitution. Comparatively, despite the fact that not all slaves get trafficked; all the victims of trafficking are slavery victims. Human trafficking is harsh from slavery type since it takes the victim away from his or her familiar environment, putting them totally alone and isolated , most often not able to speak their captors or fellow victims languages (Imaobong & Usoroh, 2007).

The similarities between human trafficking and the modern-day slavery outweigh the differences in regards to Scarpa (2008). The references to comparisons to old slavery and the modern slavery are integrated within the discourse of anti-human trafficking. The approaches we apply about the human trafficking currently to the Africans trans-Atlantic slavery are, however, superficial and exploitative, and do not give insight for controlling the trafficking in persons (Haerens, 2012).

During the nineteenth century, there was a formal end to the trans-Atlantic slave trade and since then international institutions and states have committed to enforcing legally the prohibition against slavery globally. However still, slavery industry has re-emerged in the form of human trafficking worldwide and is on record as worth billions according to Scarpa (2008).The rapidly increasing victims numbers are enslaved by the modern human traffickers through employment trick schemes, sold by authority figures parents or kidnapped and children worldwide deprived of freedom while psychologically and physically being violated. The estimated scope of the contemporary human trafficking estimates range from four to twenty-seven million globally, and victims are to be located in every nation in the world in regards to Shelley (2010).

According to Scarpa (2008), human trafficking is the modern day slavery. The similarities are based on the fact that slaves are forced to perform many various jobs, including Child soldiering, Hard labor employment and prostitution. They are also sold to owners or businesses to work for no or little money in cruel conditions. During the 1700s to the 1800's, slaves were purchased at high prices, the amount equivalent to todays $40,000. They were regarded as significant lifetime investments as is the connection with todays human traffickers as Shelley (2010) states.

Winterdyk, Perrin & Reichel (2012) indicate that the modern day Human Trafficking enslaves children or women more commonly. The traffickers do not consider the racial differences as important. The victims of Trafficking are mostly voiceless, scared and hidden in plain sight. They are forced to involuntary labor, prostitution and other servitude forms to repay debts.

The dialectical discussion, evaluation and ethical arguments on the issue of human trafficking are central to the proposed control measure. Imaobong & Usoroh (2007) argue that creating strong awareness campaigns would be the best baseline for managing the problem of human trafficking. This formed the choice for the proposed issue. Various agencies from different countries should take the proactive measures by using every opportunity to raise global awareness campaigns. This would make a big difference as the general public would have the full information concerning the trends in human trafficking and the involved agencies and the individuals. The various nations agencies should establish training workshops and seminars and involve first responders, individuals, federal employees and law enforcement as stated by Winterdyk, Perrin & Reichel (2012).

Through this measure, it hopes to achieve the best possible blueprint for ensuring that the issue of global human trafficking is given the urgent and most stringent control measure. The best way any of the involved agencies would develop the critical control methods is first to make the public aware of this problem. Secondly, the public involvement would then be significant in attaining the useful ground information which would then be used to set up the combat measures with the goal of eliminating the problem (Shelley, 2010).

Using the goal as the success standard, the weighted criteria would be used for evaluating it. This type of criteria would be an important part of the all anti-trafficking interventions, which would enable the actors to learn from the past interventions and develop future improvements based on the adverse impacts and outcomes. This would be a working solution to the human trafficking problem. This is because the various world nations would aim to explore all of the means at their disposals to create awareness campaigns about the trafficking in person crime, its cause, damage and nature to victims. The various governments, the press, private companies and civil society, each would have to work hard to promote the knowledge about this global issue (Imaobong & Usoroh, 2007).

It would also help to facilitate citizen reporting. This is one major area which area which would never be overlooked. The victims could often be the most marginalized members of the society, and it would be up to the friends and neighbors to be on the lookout for each another. Based on this note, the access to authorities would be the key and the various States would ensure that they are reachable easily and that major departments like the police would be properly educated on the trends of the human trafficking crime. This would form a close link and network for NGOs to work closely with various States and to help in identifying the groups that are at most risk according to the research arguments from Winterdyk, Perrin & Reichel (2012).

Consequence-Based Argument is the best in establishing and showing the level of various impacts according to Shelley (2010).This would be the best argument to use in the case of human trafficking crime consequences analysis. Attendant human right violations and human trafficking have very severe consequences for the life of victims. For example, the trafficked women often suffer from serious health problems, including reproductive health complications, mental health, and physical health concerns (Imaobong & Usoroh, 2007).

Winterdyk, Perrin & Reichel (2012) argues that the human trafficking victims also usually suffer from acute physical exhaustion, starvation, and abuse. They also incur common injuries such as concussion, broken bones, burns, and bruising and other assault injuries. Some of these severe injuries can lead to lasting health problems and may require long-term treatment. They are also often denied necessities such as food, safety, sleep, medical care, and hygiene. Children are often significantly impacted by their physical and emotional development by being forced live in a very unhealthy and harsh environment away from their loved ones and families. The trafficked individuals are sometimes exposed to severe health risks to the point of being physically worked to death brutally. The Sexual exploitation of the victims also increases their exposure to deadly diseases such as HIV and AIDS (Shelley, 2010).

The consequences lead to a violation of the ethical principles of the life of the victim. It violates the human Trafficking Ethics Statement according to Haerens (2012). Most professionals in the healthcare industry argue that all humans have a worth that is inestimable, and should never be trafficked by fellow humans. It is so sad for the human traffic victims who are forced to oppose this evil. Trafficking in persons is the form of cruel slavery practice of our time. It often involves acts of transporting, recruiting, harboring, transferring and receiving of persons through the acts of abduction, threat, deception, fraud, force and other means which are coercive for improper purposes. The victims at a minimum include, forced marriages and child brides, persons in forced labor, individuals who are trafficked for egg or organ removal, child soldiers, and children and adults kept in bondage for sexual exploitation commercially (Shelley, 2010).

The reasonable recommendation for addressing the problem would be to establish a global unit that would facilitate more aware campaigns about the human trafficking crime globally. I also strongly recommend for further research in the area of the organizations and individuals involved in human trafficking and ways of getting them prosecuted.

References

Haerens, M. (2012). Human trafficking. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.

Imaobong, D. A., & Usoroh, C. (2007). Human trafficking-dimensions, causes, consequences and intervention strategies. International Journal of Development and Policy Studies, 2(1)

Scarpa, S. (2008). Trafficking in human beings: Modern slavery. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Shelley, L. I. (2010). Human trafficking: A global perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Winterdyk, J., Perrin, B., & Reichel, P. L. (2012). Human trafficking: Exploring the international nature, concerns, and complexities. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press

 

 

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