Individualism is where people think of themselves without putting others into consideration. The notion of me myself and I are the norms. People tend to view their opinions as if they are of more valuable than others. There is also the emphasis on direct communication whereby when one asks a question and an immediate answer is expected. Usually, there are tasks given to people, which are valued and given priority more than the relationship between the people who are responsible for completing the task. The theory behind individualism is that there is the advocacy of the individual liberties independence and own right.
In America, there exists a challenge of understanding other peoples opinions. This is because the culture of individualism is highly encouraged. People tend to value what they have to say more than other peoples opinions (Ramirez & Castaneda, 1974). This problem of deep-rooted individualistic citizens brings about faltering communication. An example of the individualism in America is where the rate of divorce is very high compared to other parts of the nations. A couple having children may decide to divorce because they do not get along despite the number of children they have. They want individual gratification over that of their children.
2. The conflict between freedom and equality in the American education
Education equality depends on fairness and inclusion. Equality means that a persons condition should not hinder their access to education. Integration on the other side refers to the comprehensive standard which applies to everyone. The two factors must always go hand in hand. The issue of people not enjoying their freedoms has always been consistent primarily because of drawbacks such as racism. Racism existed most parts of the country; however, it was rampart in institutions, for instance, a black person could not take their children to the same school as the whites. If they did, the children would end up being segregated and in the long run, stigmatized (Ramirez & Castaneda, 1974). The issue of segregation has, for a long time, been a problem and has tirelessly tried to be dealt with. As at now, racial profiling is seen as a crime punishable by law. The issue is also being taught in schools that everyone is equal, and the right to education is entitled to all. Moreover, everyone is now treated as same regardless of their color, black or white.
3. Republican views on education
Republicans have a view on the restructuring of higher education. This means that students are in a position to be more equipped in their fields of interest. They also believe that the federal government should limit their influence in education. This means that there should be no loans given by the federal government but this should be done by the private sector. In addition, to that, the Republicans support the homeschooling system. They believe that higher education should be made available to those who deserve it.
4. Ideological conflict in education
One of the ideological conflicts in the current education system is the democracy in classrooms. Freedom in classrooms means that the learning environment is structured in such a way that the students participate freely, and their opinions are respected. Evaluation is also done in a critical manner through dialogue (Ramirez & Castaneda, 1974). There is an increase in behavioral environment where positions were given are recognized and given equal values. The leaders in charge encourage the maintenance of an open mind one should not be interested in creating an argument to counter the proposed opinion but have the willingness to listen to the idea and accord it the seriousness it deserves. A leader, in this case, is the teacher who believes that their opinions are valid.
5. Democratic values
Democratic values are important because they provide an avenue for people to exercise their freedoms and rights. It brings about equality unlike under the rule of a monarch whose opinion and control have more value than that of the people and in most cases, is the final say. Democracy has rules that are not repressive and brings with its balance.
Ramirez, M., & Castaneda, A. (1974). Cultural democracy, bicognitive development, and education. Academic Pr.
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