History of the genre
Chamame, according to Ruben Perez Bugallo is the outcome of the mixing of musical forms of Spanish. It came into the continent of America through Peru, went to Paraguay and finally, it landed on the soil of Argentina and some parts of Europe (Badaro, 2010). Famous dancers in the central region, which included Mazurka and Waltz, were in the company. Ruben denies that the Guarani originated from Chamame. Spanish on the Peru area functions with 6/8 beat, which resembles Ternary songbook of the colonial, in which additional 3/4 European was necessary.
Reuben Perez Bugallo threw the opening day when the word Chamame appeared in Buenos Aires newspaper on 17th, 18th February edition (Badaro, 2010). A priest known as Francisco de Paula Perez Bugallo performed a danced on Chamame over other person head in the newspaper (Badaro, 2010). Bugallo believes that its a metaphor for politics and a Jopara translation of Fandango which was the dance of Spanish at those days in American Latin region. Chamame as a term was no longer used until 1930 when Victor labeled his song (Corrientes pot). Since then Chamame has been developed as a fork genre, and the name remained the same.
Chamame was played by a band of the military on either side during the civil war, after the completion of their battles. Chamame participation in war explains the reason why Chamame is not played during political campaigns or election because it triggers violence between the military of both political parties which had risen in the mid-19th century and had a stand on the Buenos Aires and Corrientes context (Badaro, 2010). The military army has an impact on the musical form; they carry with them, since the colonial period. For example, the military men move from Peru to Argentina, passing Paraguay with their guitars, it was a norm that they were supposed to carry on with their luggage. According to Bugallo, chamaritta was introduced to the United States, during the matching of Brazil military at the time of war in the Paraguay.
The geographical origin of the musical product and its expansion
Fundamentally, the geographical music is mid-field between cultural and urban geography. It is the research on the production of music, taking into consideration geographical and landscape surrounding space of the music (Cannon, 2016). Music geography became famous globally in the 1970s and 1960s by the geographer who was concerned with culture beliefs. Music specialist saw the correlation between music, region, and landscapes, depending on the lyrics or the music which is produced with the inspiration of the place. The study is important since listening and hearing of music is significance to the spread in culture. Music, however, expands to other areas, through social Medias and migration of music stars.
Globalization and movement of individuals from one region to the other had led to the development of diversification of culture. Hence new styles of music are produced globally. Genre music evolved from blues music (Cannon, 2016). Music geography had an impact during colonial periods, and various ethnic groups were exposed to other groups. When they were moving to the new land, after being land alienated, they carried the cultural and landscape heritage as they settle in the areas with them. For example, the Shona in the Zimbabwe, they used the music in their resistance. They had instruments for music, in their daily activities. They tried to fight the colonialist through songs.
The musical product (Chamame) is a music genre in Argentina, which originated from Buenos Aires and its close environmental places, including Uruguay folk, classical music, pop, and Montevideo. The artists in Argentine had a great impact on the development of rock music (Cannon, 2016). Tango music originated from bars of Buenos Aires, in which the European migrated into the region in large numbers, leading to the mixing the musical forms. The mixing music forms rose to Milonga in the 1900PC. Milonga developed into a famous dance in the Buenos Aires which then gradually became Tango. Tango has become poetry and lyrical from just being a dance song.
Chamame originated from northeastern part of the provinces (Misiones, Corrientes, and Formosa), the region was full of Germans, Austria, and Poland. Waltzes, Mazurkas, and Polkas accompanied those immigrants as they enter the soil of Argentina, where they collaborated with already contemporary Spanish music in the region (Cannon, 2016). Chamame was not famous globally in the century of twenties, until Raul Barboza, who was a music star in Argentina gained popularity. Chango Spasiuk however in the twenty-first century, he brought chamame musical style to popularity leading to worldwide attention. He was a citizen of Argentine, with around 20 to 25 years old and migrated from Misiones province (Ukrainian). The major origin of music in the area is the Parana banks river, which is the basis of Paraguay music from one side of the river to the other side.
The relevance of the genre in the dynamics of the society
The genre has a lot of interest in the society as it includes music, poetry. Music is used in politics as a source of the campaign (Corrado, 2005). Many cultural communities use songs to show their political ambitions. Music can be used by opposition parties to express a lack of state development or protest to the government which is ruling the country. Development ideas are also expressed through songs which are against war and terror, for example; patriotic songs, national anthem and peace demonstration songs. They can be used to signal a political message. Chamame songs were used during the colonial period. Military army sang them at the end of their battles.
Salsa as a form of the genre is used for entertainment. In weddings, salsa is often a form of relaxation to the individuals who have attended the ceremony (Corrado, 2005). Salsa can also be danced on parties, which belong to people with significant functions. Salsa could be a sense of belonging to a place on a personal level, since individuals of Cuba like salsa dance. Its a norm in Cuba to do salsa regularly and occasionally. Salsa can be a form of leisure activity, people like salsa dance during leisure time because it is a fun activity and it is classical.
Folk songs in the changing society are used to restore culture. They normally have social teachings and all aspects of the culture. Folk songs can represent the tribal group in a national event. They carry teachings to generations over the years (Corrado, 2005), in addition to creating the unity among the ethnic groups, hence promoting peace. Folk songs provide a sense of belonging to a certain group. It can be used to carry information, from one region to the other. Cultural songs store the cultural beliefs of the community. For example, folk songs in Argentina are highly exercised over time. There are seasons for cultural songs annually and also occasions. With the rise in the use of technology in industries, music is utilized in the advertisements of products. Varieties of products are being produced in the sectors, due to the competition in the market, the announcement is necessary (Corrado, 2005). Using suitable songs to attract more customers, increases the productivity of various companies and therefore, the industry will be competitive just like other businesses.Notably, the individuals today experiences more often recorded songs than live performances. Recorded songs have a high tendency of reaching to the individual basis as a video or audio. Hence, people can get political, social and economic values of the songs on their basis (Corrado, 2005). A person can get to listen to an encouraging song, love songs, and political development music; they may get the solutions of their problems at the end of the day, through the teachings of the songs.
With the change in the society, individuals have ventured in music, as a source of living, due to rise in the economy (Corrado, 2005). Artists have added in number compared to some years back. Music has contributed to the gross national production in the world. It has also helped in reducing ethnicity and promoting peace. Individuals from all over the world come together, hence developing their talents and economy of the world.
Musical characteristics that define the Chamame
Chamame instruments are majorly accordion and guitar. A legendary band uses bandoneon, accordion, double bass and guitar. Although the guitar beats are a significant feature of the genre because of polyrhythm, off-beats, and syncopation (Florine, 2015). Richness in the rhythm depends on the score of writing skills and the performers sensitivity skills on the tone. The accordion is responsible for producing the beats. Bandoneon controls the sound and the ductility.
Singers are organized for quality production of sounds. When it is one voice, other singers are allowed to join (Florine, 2015). Two singers, with sharp and high nasal voices, sing tenor sounds in parallel sixths and thirds. The best language used in singing chamame is Guarani. The mid-genre which is termed as chamam cate is sung in the language that is highly spoken in Litoral All Correntinos (from Corrientes). This language is used in the day in day out, and chamames uses Guarani language in their lyrics. Guarani is the Corrientes official language.
A mixture of Spanish and Guarani or one of them, lyrics of Chamame explains about characters, such as Litoral people, animal, and majorly river of Parana (florine, 2015). The poet of correntino people, Albrico Mansilla stated that the river heads to chamame from Tango, he exclaim that it means adultery to Tango. He also said that, if the river would be heading to chamame from Tango but in the opposite direction, it explains all point of jail.
The theme is about Chamame who has guns and have experienced in all kinds of illegal criminal work, because of their exposure to Army through the songs, which they heard from the songs (Florine, 2015). The military sang songs which had words like, if I catch you, I will skin you alive. A song was dedicated to the police chief and the heroes of independence. The song was famous for its music and lyrics and the gratitude motives to a soldier from correntino who stood in between the injured soldier and the enemy in a San Lorenzo battle.
One song in the style and analyze its musical style
Me Gusta Jujuy is folkloric, which is usually sung when descending of young Gauchos at the city during the annual celebration of La Rural exhibition, at the month of July (Schneider, 2013). When the function is almost over, the guitars are given out, and the party starts over until morning. The instruments used are guitars and a piano, which presents a culture of Argentina. Conceivably, it involves one singer and another instrumentalist. Additionally, the singers are often the traditional individuals, who are organized with their sounds. The rhythm of a song is soft, and it is emotional, and the beats flow well. In this case, the singers are singing in a language of Band Aires, with the ceremony taking place between tango and Band Aires, and thereby conform to chamame cultural songs (Schneider, 2013). It is important to recognize that this song is a ceremonial song just like chamame based on the fact that same instruments are used and include piano.
Finally, the singing is organized, such that the pitch sounds are produced well. The richness of the sound depends on the performers. Me gusto jujus differ from chamame in that chamame is a political song, while the other is ceremonial (Schneider, 2013). Chamame is as a result of a mix of Spanish and Guarani language. It conforms to genre norms, which include rhythm, harmonic language and instrumentation, styles of singing and with distinguishing features.
Badaro, M. (2010). L'arm...
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