Gambling encompasses the wagering of a material of value on an outcome that is ruled by chance, and consists of a varied of commercial activities such as lotteries, casino games, electronic gaming machines, sports betting, and racing. The origin of numerous gambling games is from Europe and China and occurred in many forms like wagering and betting, casino table games, and lottery style games. The current state of gambling in Australia has seen numerous people getting in gambling in of any form. Several Australians occasionally get in gamble in some kind at least once every year and can be in the form of purchasing a lottery ticket, night out at the casino or playing pokies (Banks, 2002). The purpose of this paper is to unfold the efforts taken by the Australian to combat the negative effect of gambling.
While the Australian government recognizes the fact that gambling is a legitimate recreational activity for numerous Australians, the government has often been intensely aware of the influence of poker machines and other forms of gambling activities on problem gambling. In efforts to tackle these problems, the government has enacted strict rules within the gambling industry to reduce the effects of problem gambling (Mazzarol 2013). The government placed the strict laws in consultation the research that has been done and believed to have a direct link to problem gambling. Constrained gambling venue signage and barred gaming machine publicizing (Brown, 2008). Research has shown that gambling machine advertising openly can act as prompt to problem gamblers. In its position, the government has recommended that club members can decide in to receive gambling machine publicity and decrease the restrictions on advertising in the venue. Another regulation put in place is that gambling machines must show graphic novel player information cautions about the negative effects gambling to enhance responsible gambling. There is an also regional cap concerning gambling machine numbers. Ease of use to gambling is evidently related to negative effects of gambling, and the government has lowered the accessibility to gambling machines in poorer areas.
The second effort done by the Australian to combat negative effects of gambling is by making gambling research a priority. Through this effort, the government is putting gambling research as a main concern and firming the processes for administering and consulting research projects, by putting discussion concerning the research program into the councils of the ministerial advisory and backup the council's job with an independent peer review panel of specialists. This way they will develop research projects and consequently, the reliability and validity their findings is less expected to be confronted. Implementation of the research will offer the government way to curb this increasing problem in Australia. For example, the research mentioned above that has shown direct links between accessibility to gaming machines and problem gambling should highly be emphasized. New gambling machines presently have a maximum bet of $5 that represent halve the original amount, and existing machines will have the all-out bet reduced to $5. All these are referenced to research which indicates that a reduced percentage of gamesters bet extra on gaming machines with a maximum bet limit. Therefore, more ventures on research priorities about gambling will effectively aid the government to combat negative effects of gambling.
Another way in which the government of Australia is doing to combat negative effects of gambling is by implementing two key pokies-focused recommendations: the establishment of a compulsory pre-commitment process and the decrease of extreme bets on the poker machines to $1 for every spin, decreasing average damages to $120 for every hour from the $1,200 was formerly averaged with $10 bets. These restructurings have a sensible evidence base (especially the $1 bet) to reducing problem gambling. This suggestion has proved to have an impact on gambling at the same time the revenues raised by the government from gambling sector still not affect that much. Therefore, problem gambler needs to adjust on these rules to reduce the negative effects and at the same time the government has vowed to implement the policies effectively. It has been showed that Australias gambling problems are awesomely linked with gaming machines, which contributed for over $ ten billion per year or 55 percent of total NGR. From this, about 40 percent comes from negative effects of gamblers. Revenue from gambling received by the government should not be the issue in implanting these (Smith, 2000). Therefore, it is wise if a key recommendation can be implanted to combat the problems of gambling.
In conclusion, gambling is a global activity, and Australia is no exception. This is evidenced by the number of participants that take part in the form of gambling. With statistics right, it roughly projected that 70 percent of the Australian have participated in some form of gambling (ABC NEWS 2011). Nonetheless, gambling comes with several problems can be highly disparaging destroying families and ruining lives and the key cause is attributed to the Pokies and forms of gambling. In light of the above-mentioned points, efforts by the government of Australia to combat negative effects of gambling are numerous; the stringent rules and guidelines on gambling, making gambling research a priority and implementing key pokies-focused recommendation.
BIBLIOGRAPHY Banks, G., 2002. The Productivity Commission's gambling inquiry: 3 years on. Illustrated ed. Sydney: Productivity Commission Working Paper.
Brown, J., 2008. Bet Safe. [Online] Available at: http://www.betsafe.com.au/resources/gambling_articles/developments_in_responsible_gambling/[Accessed 3 September 2015].
Smith, J., 2000. Gambling Taxation: Public equity in the gambling business. Australian Economic Review, 33(2), pp. 120-144.
Wynne, H. J. a. S. H. J., 2003. The socioeconomic impact of gambling: The Whistler symposium. Journal of Gambling Studies, 19(2), pp. 111-121.
ABC 2011, Key Facts: Gambling in Australia, ABC, viewed 23 September 2015, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-05-25/key-facts-gambling-in-australia/2730414
Dowling, J 2014, The problem with gambling, THE AGE, viewed 23 September 2015, http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/the-problem-with-gambling-20141125-11tqhc.html
Markham, F 2014, Who wins form Big Gambling in Australia, THECONVERSATION, viewed 23 September 2015, https://theconversation.com/who-wins-from-big-gambling-in-australia-22930
Mazzarol, T 2013, Casino precincts and tourism: gambling our way to prosperity, THECOVERSATION, viewed 23 September 2015, http://theconversation.com/casino-precincts-and-tourism-gambling-our-way-to-prosperity-19558
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