Biology Paper Example on Mitosis and Meiosis

2021-05-30 11:05:26
3 pages
601 words
Categories: 
University/College: 
Wesleyan University
Type of paper: 
Research paper
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Multicellular organism reproduces by the fundamental concept of cell division. In essence, the process involves the division of preexisting cells; these cells divide through the two major processes that is, mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis occurs through the equal splitting of chromosomes of the mother cell which end up with two daughter cells. Mitosis process occurs in four different stages that sequentially follow through; Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase. On the other hand, Meiosis can be defined as the process in which one diploid cell divide in a distinctively way to generate haploid cells, this is common in eukaryotic cells (Deena T Kochunni, 2017). Meiosis is distinctively composed of two cell divisions which lead to the development of an equal number of chromosomes; the two divisions are namely Meiosis I and Meiosis II.

Figure SEQ Figure \* ARABIC 1 Stages of Mitosis

Figure SEQ Figure \* ARABIC 2 Stages of Meiosis

Major Similarities of Mitosis and Meiosis

Cell Division Stages

Both Mitosis and Meiosis takes place in a sequence of stages that follow through from one stage to another. Under Mitosis, prophase, interphase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase occurs. On the other hand, meiosis occurs in two distinct stages, Meiosis I and Meiosis II (Kochunni, 2017).

DNA Replication

DNA replication occurs in both stages of Meiosis and Mitosis; chromatids are developed from a single chromosome. The common goal in both cell division types require the splitting of the nucleus; this includes the DNA content within. DNA is first duplicated and condensed in a form that allows for proper transportation.

Pulling Apart.

In both processes, chromosomes are pulled apart in opposite directions. Centrosomes provide a road like structure through which protein components are transported from one end to the other. Motor proteins move through the microtubules in a bid to pull apart the sister chromatids each moving in the opposite direction hence allowing the cells to divide (Nguyen, 2016).

Differences of Mitosis and Meiosis

1. Mitosis generally occurs in the somatic cells while on the other hand Meiosis occurs in germ cells of the body.

2. Mitosis occurs in both asexual and sexually reproducing organisms while meiosis occurs only in sexually reproducing organisms.

3. Mitosis cell division occurs only once while Meiosis has two cell divisions.

4. The interphase stage occurs prior to all cell divisions in mitosis while in meiosis, the interphase stage precedes Meiosis I and does not usually occur prior to Meiosis II.

5. DNA replication only once for one cell in Mitosis while in Meiosis DNA replication occurs once for two cell divisions.

6. Cell division occurs only once, and chromosomes divide only once in Mitosis. Meiosis has two cell divisions and once chromosomal division (Kochunni, 2017).

Acronym for Similarities and Differences of Mitosis and Meiosis

Remembering the stages, differences, and similarities of Meiosis and Mitosis is always challenging to students. A simple but yet definitive understanding of the stages of the two process can be put in an acronym that is simple to comprehend.

Mitosis Stages

IPMAT

I-Interphase

P-Prophase

M-Metaphase

A-Anaphase

T-Telophase

Meiosis Stages

M I-Meiosis I

M II- Meiosis II

The concept of IPMAT can be understood easily by students of different academic capacities as it summarizes all the stages of Mitosis. M I and M II captures the two stages of Meiosis. The similarities and differences require an understanding of both process hence it necessitates reading and conceptualization.

References

Deena T Kochunni, J. (2017). Major Events in Mitosis. Biologyexams4u.com. Retrieved 20 January 2017, from http://www.biologyexams4u.com/2013/03/major-events-in-mitosis.html#.WIG5I1N9600

Kochunni, J. (2017). Difference between Mitosis and Meiosis (32 Differences). Biologyexams4u.com. Retrieved 20 January 2017, from http://www.biologyexams4u.com/2012/09/difference-between-mitosis-and-meiosis.html#.WIGz_FN9600

Nguyen, D. (2016). Similarities of Mitosis and Meiosis. http://education.seattlepi.com/similarities-mitosis-meiosis-3866.html. Retrieved 20 January 2017, from http://education.seattlepi.com/similarities-mitosis-meiosis-3866.html

Have the same topic and dont`t know what to write?
We can write a custom paper on any topic you need.

Request Removal

If you are the original author of this essay and no longer wish to have it published on the SuperbGrade website, please click below to request its removal: