Philosophy is regularly characterized as the quest for truth about the sources and nature of the universe, the world, and humankind. In spite of the fact that there is some dissension among scholars about specifics, it is, for the most part, concurred that this search started in the old Greek world amid the 6th century. Even before this, in the Theogony, in which the writer Hesiod retells the myths of the divine beings, the causes, and request of the universe were subjects of theory. One normal for early Greek logic is that it started to concentrate decreasingly on legendary answers for the current issues; the issues inspected by Hesiod were reexamined as far as the characteristic world rather than the fanciful. Researchers likewise take note of that while these matters were tended to in the Greek world, the advancement of arithmetic, science, and stargazing in neighboring nations, including Babylonia and Egypt, contributed altogether to the improvement of scholarly and philosophical thought in Greece. The primary focus of this paper is to offer insight on the theories that were established.
Within this argument, it is important to posit that, many individuals began to search for the order in the apparent chaos of nature. The following sections elaborate post-structuralism, critical theory as well as structuralism. Structuralism began with Ferdinand de Saussure in the years 1857 to 1913 (Pearson and Tilley 747). He was a linguist who offered a comprehensive critic on the notion that all languages held some commonality. This philosopher noticed that social construction of meaning in language could be inferred to offer other definitions. The scholars in this theory held to the primary focus of meaning that surrounds cultural structures as well as a system that has coherent structures reflected in two opposites (Eagleton and Anderson 2). Other scholars and philosophers have argued in the past that structuralism attack on existentialism. It implies that individuals are not absolutely at liberty to determine them and that individuals are subjugated to the social context in which bringing up takes place.
Critical theory, on the other hand, tends to elaborate what is happening and how it should be altered and transformed. The theorists believed that the concept of dialect was flawed. Take, for instance, Adorno posit that as explained from Hegel often presumed that any thesis would trigger antithesis and consequently produce a synthesis and thus the ultimate ideal state. It implies that human in such case would assume that dialect would play itself. Additionally, their concept of the reason being flawed was evident. There was a widespread argument that language had been corrupted and was suffering from capitalist procedures.
Post-structuralism moreover, was a development on structuralism as well as a contradiction of the same. The theorists posit that there was a possibility to elaborate beyond structuralism by illustrating the many procedures of diversity that present knowledge-based structures. These philosophers put emphasis on what the identification of what things mean and what they are (Harris 335-350).
In conclusion, the fundamental aspect of dialect was a crucial element of the debate. All the theories varied differently among the philosophers-scholars. The theory that was identified to be intriguing was the critical theory. It offered insight as well a critical analysis which was in contention for the fact that language was flawed. It is, however, in my opinion, not a very comprehensive theory as it is based on presumptions such as dialect playing itself.
Pearson, Michael Parker and Christopher Tilley. "Reading Material Culture: Structuralism, Hermeneutics And Post-Structuralism.". Man 26.4 (1991): 747. Web.
Harris, Patricia. "Towards A Critical Post-Structuralism". Social Work Education 20.3 (2001): 335-350. Web.
Eagleton, Terry and Perry Anderson. "Marxism, Structuralism, And Post-Structuralism". Diacritics 15.4 (1985): 2. Web.
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