Critical Essay on Article: Children with Autism in the Inclusive Preschool Classroom

2022-01-04 13:22:27
3 pages
612 words
Categories: 
University/College: 
Boston College
Type of paper: 
Article review
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Introduction

The article titled Children with Autism in the Inclusive Preschool Classroom: A Systematic Review of Single-Subject Design Interventions on Social Communication Skills emphasizes the importance of creating a conducive learning environment for children irrespective of their disabilities. It bases on the need for universal education for all. Ideally, education is a meaningful way helping learners develop a new understanding of the world as well as realigning their conceptions with the reality. Therefore, it is a necessity for every person to be allowed access to universal learning irrespective of their learning disabilities. One way of ensuring an anti-bias education system is creating a school model in which children with disabilities participate actively together with the other healthy students in early childhood programs so that they gain access to unique school-aged skills such as social-communication and social learning which are essential in achieving better educational outcomes.

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Stakeholders in the education system, especially the teachers, should develop case-based or evidence-based mechanisms for addressing the difficulties of every learner. One such source of learning disabilities is psychological disorders including autism and depression. As a Certified Early Childhood Special Education teacher (ECSE), it is essential to create an environment that is not discriminatory of the learners, and that responds to their respective needs. Creating an inclusive preschool classroom for children with autism requires sensitivity to the needs of every child as well as a strong professional background that helps in designing appropriate learning intervention that leads to better academic outcomes. Such a learning intervention should not only focus on academic disciplines that a child should learn but also facilitate their active social development. Ideally, through early social interaction with peers, the students with learning challenges develop foundational social skills such as social-communication that prepare them to cope in different environments.

Subjecting children with learning disabilities such as autism may engender in them some sense of exclusion, discrimination and rejection which has the potential of undermining their social development. Therefore, adequately planned and systematically inclusive classroom environment that incorporates the diverse needs of such students is an essential approach towards prevention their feeling of isolation. Without considering the children with social communication challenges such as those who have autism in the inclusive classroom environment, the intervention may pose a serious risk of social exclusion making them miss the chance of fermenting meaningful social relationships with peers thus undermining the efficiency of the method in fostering holistic development of children with autism.

Conclusion

Research and practice have shown that subjecting children with communication deficits such as autism to a formal inclusive educational setting alone without additional proximate planning and systematic instruction does not result in sufficient learning. Therefore as a professional ECSE teacher, I must integrate a variety of methods including the use of video modelling, visuals and peer-mediated education to facilitate social learning among disabled learners in an inclusive classroom environment. In essence, I must concentrate on in-depth studies to identify the approaches that have proven effective in inclusive learning settings. When such interventions are made a routine, they nurture a variety of desired learning behaviors in the learners. Through the use of visuals such as small cards with different colors, drawings, or photographs, I will be able to break down the sophisticated knowledge that would otherwise prove challenging for a child with autism. It has the potential of simplifying complicated social skills such as greeting a peer into manageable behaviors that improve the process of learning.

Reference

Hansen, S. G., Blakely, A. W., Dolata, J. K., Raulston, T., & Machalicek, W. (2014). Children With Autism in the inclusive preschool classroom: A systematic review of single-subject Design interventions on social communication skills. Review-Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1(3), 192-206.

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