Maslows Hierarchy of Needs and Employees Motivation

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392 words
Vanderbilt University
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Organizations benefits are critical to workers performance and satisfaction levels. For instance conferences. Motivation is a fundamental element in boosting performance, enhancing efficiency and effectiveness as well as maintaining sustainable competitive advantage. Maslows hierarchy of needs has maintained relevance and importance up to date. Using it to motivate employees by creating better working environment for improved performance and goal attainment.

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According to Maslow's hypothesis, people are motivated to achieve five basic needs beginning with the lowest. These hierarchical needs are physical, security, belonging or self-esteem, self-actualisation, and fear. Employees have desires and needs that affect their performance and results in the organization. They will make decisions based on the needs they wish to achieve (Jerome, 2013). Management should assist the employees to attain these requirements to enable put more efforts in achieving organizations objectives.

Physiological and security requirements are the lowest in the hierarchy. An individuals starting their career vocation will be exceptionally worried about physiological needs, for example, stable and satisfactory wages and security requirements like, benefits. Furthermore employees crave environments where they are acknowledged and have some connections with others. This sense of belonging is achievable where supervisors can create situations for recognition of staff participation. Also continuous administrative correspondence about operational matters in keeping workers inspired (Jonas, 2016).

In self- actualisation, an employee is interested in development and personal improvements. For instance acquire new skill set, challenging assignments, advancing education, and self-sufficiency to characterize his procedures for meeting hierarchical targets. Employees growth needs like a bonus, salary raise, and recognition are the best motivators, and they can never be satisfied since its a recurring desire. Organizations should use to keep their employees productive over time. Additionally, they should ensure that they use tasks that bring the most returns to the company (Jonas, 2016).

The magnificence of Maslow's motivation theory is that it recognizes that workers needs change with time. Therefore administrators should continually adjust to employees evolving requirements to enable them to keep the workforce motivated. For instance, Performance reviews and feedback should keep employees motivated as well.


Jerome, N. (2013). Application of the Maslows hierarchy of need theory; impacts and implications on organizational culture, human resource and employees performance. International Journal of Business and Management Invention, 2(3), 39-45.

Jonas, J. (2016). Making practical use of Maslows Hierarchy of Needs theory to motivate employees: a case of Masvingo Polytechnic. Journal of Management & Administration, 2016(2), 105-117.

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