Essay Sample on Criminal Justice Policy and Planning

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Harvey Mudd College
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Planned Change Process

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A planned change is a process that is a carefully thought through, based on authentic information, and comprehensively documented. Change is one of the most challenging events of organizations and individuals. When transformation becomes necessary, various factors come into play. Managers need to create and follow a logical sequence to ensure the accomplishment of set objectives of change. On critical thing for managers is to recognize the need for change. This recognition is pivotal to the long-term sustainability of an organization. In the case of drug abuse, there are causative factors as substance addiction is thought to be multi-determined, maladaptive way of coping with life problems that become habitual (addiction) and leads to progressive deterioration in life circumstance.

Goals and objective of approach

Multiple factors cause a change in organizations and to an individual. In the case of an organization, the forces may be internal such as culture or can also be external. Therefore, the managers should consider such to achieve set goals. In the case of drug abuse, the primary purpose is to help the affected person achieve and maintain abstinence from addictive chemicals and behaviors.The secondary goal is to help the client recover from the damage caused by addiction. During the goal setting, emphasis on the motivation for change is necessary. The focus on goals prepares clients to change, and drug addiction, motivation keeps the client on the toes on the need to change and better lifestyles than mere indulgence in narcotics. The importance of change should be logical and appealing to the client

Theoretical rationale

The application of this approach in addiction incidences, counseling should be working by first helping the client recognize the existence of the problem and the associated irrational thinking. Next, the client is encouraged to achieve and maintain abstinence and develop the necessary psychosocial skills to continue in recovery lifelong. In a business environment, establishing a sense of urgency is important for workers. It also provides the executive with the objective or expectation of how a change will respond to whatever internal or external forces are driving the need to change. Consequences of using drugs should be evident to influence the client to change. Drugs have a wide variety of adverse effects. Ones financial status declines as a lot of money are used to purchase may result in terminal illness like cancer and liver cirrhosis. Substance abuse may cause job loss, death, school dropout, domestic violence, and poverty. When a client is made to understand such kind of consequences, their chances of changing are higher.

Agent of change approach

In cases of addition and using the agent of change approach, the client remains the agent of change. The client must take responsibility for working a shift in recovery process applies to business organizations. However, he or she is encouraged to get lots of support from the surrounding environment e.g. the drug recovering peers and family members. The business community a change agent is hired, and mostly they are charismatic, good people and are capable of inspiring the workforce to accept the change and even aid implementation. Many organizations hire outsiders as change agents due to their expertise and unique abilities. Through collaboration with a professional, friends and family the client feels the need to change as the journey to change is scarily and requires a lot of support. Changing does not happen suddenly, but with patience, support, perseverance and hard work it is achievable and attainable.


Intervention: Help a Loved One Overcome Alcohol Addiction

A response or impact model is a statement about the potential relation between a program or policy and its goals. People who struggle with addiction are often in denial about their situation and unwilling and to seek treatment. They mostly do not recognize the adverse effects their behaviors have on themselves others. I thought Patrick could stop binge drinking of alcohol without any formal treatment, but I realized the condition is becoming severe. The stress of a job loss triggered his addiction. The intervention typically involved the following;

Making a plan. We formed a social group to intervene in Patricks situation. We then consulted with a qualified social worker to help organize an effective intervention since the process is often highly charged with the potential to cause anger, resentment or a sense of betrayal.

Gathering Information: We researched the treatment programs with a close look at the extent of Patricks addiction. The group initiated arrangements to enroll Patrick. For Patrick evaluating the cost of and benefits of drinking was the best program to follow.

Formation of an intervention team: We formed a team that will personally participate in the intervention group. Team members set a date and location and worked together to present consistently rehearsed message and a structured plan. Family members are involved in keeping the group discussion focused and shared solutions rather than strong emotional responses.

Consequences and taking notes on the things to say: Each member of the intervention team describes incidents where the addiction caused problems such as emotional problems. Some of the group members suggested confiscating of the child in case he fails to take the treatment program. Patrick had a great bond with his little girl, and this would hit him. Discussing the toll of a loved ones behavior while still expressing care and expectation that one your loved one can change is crucial.

Hold intervention meeting: Without revealing the reason, we invited Patrick to the intervention site. Members of the core team took a turn in expressing their feelings and concern on his addiction. Patrick was presented with a treatment option. Each member said the specific changes they not threaten a consequence unless you are ready to follow through it.

Follow up. Involving the spouse was critical to helping him stay in treatment and avoid relapsing. This included changing patterns of everyday living to make it easier to avoid destructive behavior and knowing what to do when relapse occurs.

A successful intervention must be planned as intended. Involving the family and a social worker made things easier regarding support. Weighing the costs of drinking and benefits helped Patrick recognize he was losing more financially where else the money could have being used to start an income generating program, though the intervention worked it took time, patience and a lot of support. Consulting a professional social worker helped a lot through his journey of recovery. It is important to consult a professional if you loved one is violent or self-destructive.

Policy and Program Design

Programs designs are made for short-term activities or interventions that lead to temporary improvements in specific situations. Policy models, on the other hand, include collectively agreed upon terms and procedures of achieving a long-term goal. Policy plans form part of articulate legislations and regulations. Policies are guidelines that set the framework for achieving a particular desired goal.

In the struggle for social justice, for example, both policies and program are helpful tools, but the government and its constituents need to understand the difference between the two and the responsibility of governance for policy to institute real progressive change. Programs are unable to eliminate some of the deeply rooted issues such as social injustice, exclusion, and discrimination. Such social problems are best addressed through progressive policies that set a long-term projection for desired collective goals. Policies shift the way communities and their members react and relate to one another, empowering people to improve their well-being in a systematic way. This process can only be achieved through a collective commitment to policy intervention and having a clearly articulated picture of success.

The success of any program or policy is defined by the values community holds. Example for America to live its values of liberty, justice, and progress marked by equity in health, income, housing, and education by providing equal opportunities for success to all both programs and policy must target economic mobility hence they play hand in hand. The single most distinguishing aspect of policy designs and program design is that the former encompasses both the mean through which specific policies are implemented and the desired goals themselves. On the other hand, programs designs only focus on the outcomes wanted with little or no emphasis on the properly laid out long-term strategy for sustaining the course.


Welsh, W. N., & Harris, P. W. (2016). Criminal Justice Policy and Planning: Planned Change. Routledge.

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