Long-term care is a comprehensive range of social, personal, medical services coordinated to meet the emotional, social, physical needs of individuals who are chronically disabled or ill. A nursing home is an important facility that offers a 24-hour medical supervision and care to ill people. Nursing homes offer a type of care that is most extensive to which people will not get in hospitals. In that regard, that is why nursing homes are mostly created to offer such services to physically challenged or ill people. Nursing homes provide help, which involves custodial care such as skilled, eating, dressing, and bathing care. In such terms, a registered nurse is the one qualified to offer skilled nursing care, which includes medical treatments, and monitoring and not anybody else. Respiratory, occupational, and physical therapists are some of the specially trained professionals who offer skilled care services (Lou, Kwan, & Chi, 2013). The services that nursing homes offer vary from one facility to the other. A nursing home is a place for individuals who has no need of being in the hospital and cannot be cared for At home. Some of the nursing homes are set up as a hospital while others look like home. Nursing homes have special care units for individuals with Alzheimers disease, which causes serious memory problems. The nursing home is not particular for elderly people but it is for all persons who need the 24- hour care. This topic will entirely cover the history of the type of care provided by the nursing home, its description, and the analysis, or evaluation of the minuses and pluses of the care provided.
Before the 19TH century, old broke or incapacitated people lived in almshouses. Many of the older Americans who the Industrial Revolution displaced are unable to do mechanized jobs. During the period, the civil war ruined the ability of some families hence rendering them to be careless on the side of elderly (Nomura, Gilmour, Tsubokura, Yoneoka, Sugimoto, Oikawa, & Shibuya, 2013). At that time, the local government favored group housing as compared to outdoor welfare, which consisted of donations such as wood, clothing, food to individuals who were living independently. Due to that, all kinds of people like the insane, mentally ill, orphans, and physically incapacitated ended up to live in Almshouses. At the beginning of the unwinding of the 19th century, church groups and women began establishing homes for the aged.
In such terms, this houses founded were to protect worth individuals of their own religious and ethnic background from being despised while in Almshouse. As the elderly people were taken out of Almshouses, other groups started providing for the insane, blind, and young people. In the 1920s all residents in Almshouses was nearly 70% of the poor elderly because others had already been taken to the founded homes. The Almshouses sheltered the intangibles, and they include degradation, humiliation, loneliness, poverty, disgrace, and a distress of abandonment. This made the federal government be involved for the first time in 1935, and the law of the land was the social security act. In that regard, any resident of almshouse was barred by the new federal legislation from receiving any financial support as a way of abolishing these hated institutions. In such terms, only the private residents of the funded Homes for the infirm and elderly became the beneficiaries of pensions. In that conjunction, this was the only way the federal government was to use to shut down all the almshouse residents. Due to that, the Federal Government was able to come for the liberation of public housing for displaced helpless and senior citizens.
Almshouses acted as a sign of a despised system of welfare, but the federal government doomed it. In the 1950s, the Almshouses were unable to operate without federal annuities, and this was a strategy of destroying them. In 1954 new laws were passed by the Congress to allow public institution development for the older adults who were in need. In such terms, both the private and public nursing homes for residents were granted the federal support. Policymakers came up with the nursing home industry as a way of shutting down the doors of the almshouse. The Hill-Burton Act in 1954 provided Federal grants so that the nursing homes to be built along with hospitals. In that conjunction, nursing homes ended up of being modeled after hospitals. In 1975 in the United States, the number of nursing homes increased.
In 1970s abuse occurred in nursing homes became a scandal nationwide. These operated commercially die and park facilities which had similarities to the almshouses which were long forgotten. In that case, this made people fear to spend in this institutions their final days. In that case, even relatives felt guilty to abandon their elders to nursing homes for care( King, GilmoreBykovskyi, Roiland, Polnaszek, Bowers, & Kind, 2013). The Federal Government decreed specific requirements in 1972 for nursing homes by being supported by Medicaid and Medicare. In that regard, this made an immediate impact of reducing reimbursement of patients for individuals who seek to enter into the facilities of skilled nursing.
A nursing home provides a type of residential care to people who need continuous care canned medical supervision of the nurses. Individuals with significant difficulty to cope with the required daily living activities need such continual care of nursing. Skilled nurses and nursing aides are usually available at all times in a day. Residents including the younger adults and elderly with mental or physical disabilities need such continual nursing care. Residents in the facility of skilled nursing receive other rehabilitative, occupational, and physical therapies following an illness or accident. Some nursing homes help individuals with special needs like the Alzheimer patients.
Nursing homes offer a type of care that is most extensive to which people will not get in hospitals. In that regard, that is why nursing homes are mostly created to offer such services to physically challenged or ill people. Nursing homes provide help, which involves custodial care such as skilled, eating, dressing, and bathing care. In such terms, a registered nurse is the one qualified to offer skilled nursing care, which includes medical treatments, and monitoring and not anybody else. Respiratory, occupational, and physical therapists are some of the specially trained professionals who offer skilled care services( Lachs, Teresi, Ramirez, Van Haitsma, Silver, Eimicke, & Luna,2016). The services that nursing homes offer vary from one facility to the other. A nursing home is a place for individuals who has no need of being in the hospital and cannot be cared for At home. Some of the nursing homes are set up as a hospital while others look like home. Nursing homes have special care units for individuals with Alzheimers disease, which causes serious memory problems. The nursing home is not particular for elderly people, but it is for all persons who need the 24- hour care. Therefore it is good to have good nursing homes that cares for all kinds of individuals with disabilities.
King, B. J., GilmoreBykovskyi, A. L., Roiland, R. A., Polnaszek, B. E., Bowers, B. J., & Kind, A. J. (2013). The consequences of poor communication during transitions from hospital to the skilled nursing facility: a qualitative study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61(7), 1095-1102.
Lachs, M. S., Teresi, J. A., Ramirez, M., Van Haitsma, K., Silver, S., Eimicke, J. P., ... & Luna, M. R. (2016). The prevalence of resident-to-resident elder mistreatment in nursing homes. Annals of internal medicine,165(4), 229.
Lou, V. W., Kwan, C. W., & Chi, I. (2013). Quality Indicators of Nursing Homes in Hong Kong: Observations and Implications. Journal of Nutrition, Health, and Aging.
Nomura, S., Gilmour, S., Tsubokura, M., Yoneoka, D., Sugimoto, A., Oikawa, T., ... & Shibuya, K. (2013). Mortality risk amongst nursing home residents evacuated after the Fukushima nuclear accident: a retrospective cohort study. PloS one, 8(3), e60192.
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