Management and maintenance of in an enterprise are a critical firm competency. The industrial revolution introduced mechanization as a form of improving the efficiency of production and the industrial exploitation of resources to improve their utility. The evolution from rudimentary methods of production was faced off due to the operational resonance that new methods of production effected in different industries (Alsaffar and Huh, 2015). While the industrial revolution eventually was faced off, technological evolutions have since been applied to the firm to improve the process of production. The technological innovations help to improve the operational efficiency of production as well as the management of the resources.
The modern forms of strategic maintenance make it possible for organizations to assess the possible risks presented by the organizational functions. Such organizational include finance management, business resources, production, public relations, operational efficiency and factors such as the administration of firm operations. Before the internet bubble bust, the maintenance strategies employed by management (Banks, 1960). While planning was reactive rather than active to mitigate the challenges they experience. Today, maintenance is viewed by management as a method of fine tuning production, production process, market satisfaction, and laying down strategic platforms to study the demographics and identifying market trends.
The unanimous adoption of innovative technology and maintenance management strategies has facilitated the eradication of cost centers in the traditional management measures. The custom maintenance measures were reactive in the maintenance approach of firms operations. The orientation of the management system made was based on the classification of which they fell under. This includes assets or operations. The primary objectives of the management plan included exploitation of the facilities to get the maximum efficiency that they would possibly achieve. It also involves the observation and compliance with the safety and procedural measures as stipulated by the industrial laws.
Among the core guiding principles of the process included the reliance on organizational objectives to identify the priorities of the firm. The firms budget determined the forms of the maintenance planning the organization adopted structured by the budgetary allocations for the implementation of maintenance plans. The maintenance plans were also minimalistic laying their basis on the standard requirements for operation. This was intended to meet the bare minimal requirements of the plan. (Marr, 2017)The requirements of law informed the change (Rahi, Bisui and Misra, 2017). The firms only allocated the resources for management of routine maintenance practices. It also ensured the products that were used and the process they employed in implementation were legally compliant to the set parameters. The concepts of maintenance management were the availability of the best equipment at affordable costs. However, the low costs assets were required to be available when needed in the process of production, and, maintain the cost of production relatively low. One great consistency that was evident in the management plans before the internet bubble bust was the degree to which the process would realize safety, health, and environmental compliance.
The plans often involved the identification of rogue assets, establishment of a repair, replace or dispose of plans. Compared to the modern implications of the management plans, this was a Ludacris method of maintenance management. It is explained the position the management used to take then giving room for the assets to get damaged and incur costs in the repair or the faulty equipment. This approach resulted in more cost being incurred in the management approach in the heavy replacement costs or extensive repair. Industries in the past were more focused in the maintenance of the costs incurred my cutting on the operational expenses. This approach resulted in more money being spent on the production process. The minimal cost approach translated to poor maintenance of the equipment resulting in more damages and destruction of the faulty equipment.
Industry sectors the maintenance strategies used
The traditional management of maintenance has gradually been neglected by management with the implementation of Computer Maintenance Management system (CSSM). The application of this systems in the development and implementation of management systems makes it possible for radical application of operations maintenance strategies to realize an effective cost management (Gov.uk, 2017). Today, management is seeking the most effective of applying CSSMs, which is used as a means by organizations to realize more profit margins. Significant cuts to the budgetary allocations for maintenance costs, reduces the organization's expenditure incrementally adding the firm's profit margins.
The modern methods of maintenance management transcend the maintenance of industry equipment and infrastructure. The maintenance plans today incorporate functions that assess the market, product quality, efficiency of production, real-time equipment performance and establishing patterns. The development of such detail maintenance systems has translated to high cost efficient. This has led to the eradication of the traditional minimalistic approaches that organizations used to employ (Gov.uk, 2017).
Technologies such as acoustic detection, infrared analysis, vibrational analysis are the currently heavily used maintenance technologies employed today in manufacturing (Sackey and Bester, 2016). Operational maintenance today is also using online engines to ensure the operation performance is optima using the analysis of the data generated in the firm momentarily. The systems use trigger alarms to alert the administrators of the faults that need to be addressed instantly. The identified systems are heavily employed to assess the width and perform oil analysis. This makes it easy for the management to keep the wear and tear of their equipment at manageable levels by ensuring the equipments collaborative, function optimally. This minimizes the overall costs incurred by the firm in extensive repairs and the replacement.
Vibration analysis is used to assess and give reports of industrial equipment that is on high rotation. The vibration analyzer has advanced automation in capabilities that make it possible to get the performance of the machine systems (Sackey and Bester, 2016). They take momentarily snapshots of the entire vibration spectrum of the axles in the machine giving a detail report of the machine performance. Such reports enable the systems administrators to get a glimpse of the machine performance helping to avoid challenges that may be incurred when the systems fail without notice. Despite the operational efficiency of such approach in the management of the system they are in a position to make changes in the development of a good
Remote visual inspection aids the systems administrators in production forms to analyses their equipment interior and exterior for any functionality faults. The system reveals cracks, breaks, corrosion or folds of pieces assessed (Roblek, Mesko and Krapez, 2016). Incases when the equipment is inaccessible they administrators may use an endoscope. Endoscopes are flexible mirror cables which are used by the administrators to inspect internal system irregularities which make it possible for cost effective equipment assessment.
Acoustic analysis is relied on to identify areas that have extensive friction or stress on rotating machinery. The technology uses ultrasonic techniques to address the challenges in the maintenance. The ultrasonic technology collects sound produced using high-frequency sensitivity. This technology makes it makes it easy to distinguish the areas that may be deteriorating at a higher frequency than the rest making it possible for the administrator to address the issue with appropriate maintenance management (Roblek, Mesko and Krapez, 2016). Proper analysis using the technology makes it possible for the administrator to identify areas of abnormal wear and tear, lubrication issues, and electronic surges. The people are in a position where they can make changes in the development of a good approach to the implementation of the maintenance plan.
Another modern strategy heavily used include model-based condition monitoring. The Maintenance strategy is predictive of possible faults and alerting the systems administrator (Schmidt and Wang, 2016). This method performs a spectrum of analysis on the motor current and voltage signals run comparisons to the established standards issuing alerts of any anomalies that might be identified. The models for the collection of data on systems performance which can be used to estimate the performance of equipment and the effectiveness of the operation in repairs or to opt to replace them. Model-based condition monitoring provides a real-time monitoring of the system giving real-time alerts and reports of the condition of the equipments being used.
The identified systems heavily rely on maintenance of railways, industrial motors, generators, and power driven motors. They rely on to detect faults and alert the system administrators for any faults in the system. They provide analytical data on the performance of requirements which make it possible for the people to access the changes in the process of development.
Key enablers and barriers
The adoption of this technologies is often handicapped in due to high cost of installation (Taillandier, Sauce and Bonetto, 2011). Its initial capital for the installation of this systems makes it difficult for startup production enterprises to adopt this technological strategy. Adoption of this technology is the highly skilled labor required to act as the systems administrators. The highly skilled personnel are either expensive to fire or are unavailable. The adoption of this maintenance approach is also guided by the scales of operation of a firm. Organizations with high production may find it necessary to deplore such a systems while firms with low production may not find financial resonance in the implementation of the plan.
Besides the heavy capital investment in this systems, they provide operational efficiency. This cuts on operational costs incurred which translate to higher profit margin. The industrial maintenance approach as switched to automated systems leading to the creation of online engines which process data for the industries without necessarily installing the systems in the firms premises (Gov.uk, 2017). The engines are used collaboratively but independently. This attracts profits to the form making it possible for the firm to access different computing functions remotely with systems such as the model-based condition monitoring.
Question 2: Industry 4 Overview
Industry four building components include digitization and the integration of the vertical and horizontal value chains. This involves the automation of organizational operations horizontally and vertically. Secondly, industry 4 includes the automation of services and products offerings (Marr, 2017). This may involve the expansion of existing products such as the addition of sensor tools as well as the creation of digitized new products. Third, it involves the digitization of business models and customer relations. The implementation of disruptive business option makes it possible for decision making based on data-driven services and integrated platform solutions. The final component is technical assistance derives from the ability of the systems to support humans in making decis...
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