Many learners focused on technical subjects are assigned to compose academic papers written in the IEEE format. However, if you look for the writing rules of this format, you can hardly find much information. So, how to write a paper in IEEE format? What are its basic features?
Of course, you can read the latest manual of this style. However, it will definitely take you tons of time and effort. If you would like to explore the essentials of this format in a fast and easy way, this post might perfectly fit your needs. Let’s discover the requirements and the most important parameters of the IEEE solution.
IEEE formatting: Basic Facts
IEEE citation style is used mainly for composing and editing electronics, medicine, telecommunications, engineering, computer science, and information technology reports. It can cover a wide range of topics:
- medical equipment;
- information storage;
- smart grid;
- wind energy;
- power systems;
- computer hardware;
- testing and control.
This format originated from the Chicago Manual of Style and is now used by thousands of students in technical fields.
The IEEE reference formatting style consists of two basic elements:
- internal text citations;
However, references are not the only feature you should pay attention to when writing an academic paper using the IEEE format. The title, abstract, and other parts of your paper should be formatted according to its standards. Therefore, let’s explore the necessary formatting rules step-by-step to speed up and simplify your writing routine.
Why Should You Use IEEE Format for Research Paper?
As a rule, collecting relevant sources is an incredibly energy-consuming process. Many learners believe that this step of completing assignments is one of the most difficult ones. Why should you always put IEEE formatting guidelines into practice?
Using sources is usually aimed at providing proof of your arguments and ideas reflected in your paper. In some cases, you might also use sources to describe different viewpoints and opinions of other authors. Anyway, it is vital to make sure you pick reliable solutions.
If you fail to give credit to the works of other writers when needed, you might face a number of serious issues. The first one is the low originality of your paper. The reason is that using external sources without citations is usually considered unoriginal writing. The second issue is losing your academic integrity.
It is worth mentioning that the IEEE style has a particular definition of plagiarism. Unoriginal writing is a paper that contains any opinions, findings, and solutions of other authors without citing. There is nothing new that plagiarism is one of the worst issues you can face when submitting your academic paper since it might lead to serious outcomes.
Provide Ideas for Further Research
When citing your paper in a proper and correct way, you contribute to your own further investigation opportunities and might also help other researchers find out the relevant sources you’ve cited.
How to Write in IEEE Format
The most important thing any learner should pay attention to when composing a paper is its structure. As for academic assignments written with IEEE style, they should include the following elements:
- Title and affiliations.
- Proposed method.
- Experimental data and results.
Below we will explore the requirements for each section in more detail.
IEEE Title Page Format
The title page is like the face of your academic paper. It should always have a brilliant look and polished formatting to provide a positive first impression to the readers. If you fail to come up with a top-notch title, you are likely to receive lower grades for your academic assignment.
First of all, make sure your paper is centered at the top of the page with a 24-point type. It should also include the following information:
- name of the author;
- affiliation of the author;
- email address.
It is also important to come up with a top-notch title for your academic paper. Basically, it should be relevant, attract the reader’s attention, and be up-to-date. Avoid using jargon or being too wordy. It is recommended to have a title that doesn’t exceed two lines. Try to be precise and add keywords to your title.
Formatting Your Abstract
The abstract is another must-include section of your academic paper. What is its main function? It is a unique, stand-alone, and shortened version of your writing. You shouldn’t come up with any minor details about your paper when composing an abstract since it is a brief description of what you are going to research in your academic paper.
It is highly recommended to avoid exceeding a limit of 250 words when writing an abstract. Make sure it is written in past tense and contains some index terms. Your Abstract should give the answers to some important questions:
- What did you do?
- The reasons for what you did.
- What is the importance of the results you’ve got?
- Why are your results useful?
Many learners are searching for more information about the keywords they should use in the Abstract. Fortunately, that is easier than you might think. Just use the most relevant and fitting phrases you’ve used in the body of your paper. Moreover, your keywords should be:
Using abbreviations, tables, footnotes, references, graphs, figures, and mathematical equations is strictly forbidden.
What About Introduction?
Composing an introduction according to IEEE standards doesn’t have any significant differences from those written with traditional academic writing formats, like APA or MLA. Generally, it should contain the basic data about the problem you researched written in the present tense. It is better to cover these aspects in your introduction:
- Generally known information about the topic.
- Prior studies’ historical context to your research.
- Your hypothesis and an overview of the results.
- How the article is organized.
Avoid coming up with a vague introduction that exceeds two pages of your writing. It shouldn’t be too wordy or messy.
The methodology is about describing the problem and the processes used to solve it. When composing the methodology, it is also necessary to prove or disprove the hypothesis, as well as use illustrations to clarify ideas and support your conclusions. You can use this solution to make your writing look more readable:
- Tables: to present representative data or when exact values are important to show.
- Graphs: to show relationships between data points or trends in data.
- Figures: to quickly show ideas and conclusions that would require detailed explanations.
Experimental Data and Results
This is the most complicated part of your academic assignment. In this section, you will need to demonstrate that you solved the problem or made significant advances in your research. It is necessary to provide all the details, facts, arguments, and examples of the job you’ve done. The summarized data should be understandable and concise. Feel free to use figures and tables when writing experimental data and results. In other words, here comes “the meat” of your academic paper. By the way, in this section, most learners often use various types of headings.
- Primary: formatted with Roman numerals followed by a period, set in small caps, and centered above the text.
- Secondary: formatted with capital letters followed by a period, set in italics and title case, left-aligned, and separated from the text by a line break.
- Tertiary: formatted by Arabic numerals followed by a close-parenthesis, set in italics and title case, left-aligned, and separated from the text by a colon.
- Quaternary: formatted using lowercase letters followed by a close-parenthesis, set in italics and sentence case, left-aligned, and separated from the text by a colon.
This part of your academic writing usually receives most of the attention of the professors. Here, you will need to explain what the research has achieved and how it relates to the problem stated in the Introduction. Furthermore, you will need to pay attention to these parameters:
- Revisit the key points in each section.
- Include a summary of the main findings, important conclusions, and implications for the field.
- Provide benefits and shortcomings of the solution presented, as well as your research and methodology.
- Suggest future areas for research.
References In IEEE Format
Any student should know that there are three main parts of a reference.
- author’s name;
- title of the article;
- title of journal or book.
What are the basic features of references?
- Support and validate the hypothesis your research proves, disproves, or resolves.
- There is no limit to the number of references
- Learners are only allowed to use sources that directly support their research papers.
It is also worth mentioning that IEEE journals generally follow a citation numbering system. Citations are numbered in the correct order in which they appear in the academic paper. Once a particular source has been cited, the same number is used in all corresponding references in the report. There is no difference in the priority between print and electronic sources.
After You Complete Your Assignment
Obviously, it is necessary to proofread your academic paper and fix all the mistakes, typos, and inconsistencies. This rule is a must for all your assignments, and the research papers in IEEE format are not an exception. The fact is that proofreading might help you polish your paper and make it look more solid. The secret truth is that the papers that were proofread by their owners usually allow them to get higher grades. Therefore, don’t hesitate to make minor improvements to your academic assignment. The results of the research are not the kings of your writing - formatting and writing style are also vital for your academic performance.
It will also be great to answer these questions when proofreading your paper:
- Does each section perform its appointed task?
- Does the same material appear more than once?
- How do the sections fit together?
- Do the ideas flow together?
- Is the order logical?
- Is it easy to read?
- Can it be clearer?
- Is there enough detail?
If you find any weaknesses related to the questions mentioned above in your academic assignment, it is better to fix all the issues and imperfections not to lose grades.
Keys to Successful Paper in IEEE Format
Writing an excellent paper is hard work. However, when you know the parameters IEEE reviewers pay attention to, it will be easier to polish your writing. So, what IEEE editors and reviewers are looking for?
- Content that is appropriate, in scope and level, for the journal.
- Clearly written original material that addresses a new and important problem.
- Illustrations, tables, and graphs that support the text.
- References that are current and relevant to the subject.
- Valid methods and rationale.
- Conclusions that make sense.
Consequently, your paper should be readable, have a clear structure and powerful arguments, as well as be fresh and original.
Furthermore, a student must submit original work that:
- Indicates how it differs from the previously published work.
- Is not under review for another refereed publication.
- Has not appeared elsewhere for publication.
- Cites previous work.
Most Common Reasons Why IEEE Editors Reject Papers
The reasons for failure with completing the project might significantly vary. However, this is the list of the most common issues that might lead to rejection of your paper:
- It does not address a big enough problem or the scientific field.
- Inconclusive results or incorrect interpretation.
- The content is not a good fit for the publication.
- The quality is not good enough for the journal.
- Reviewers have misunderstood the article.
- The work was previously published.
- There are serious scientific flaws.
- Fraudulent research.
- It is poorly written.